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R.A.Khan and P.Ryan 1991 Long Term Effects of Crude Oil on Common Murres(Uria aalge)Following Rehabilitation  
R.Adm.Walter Turbini, Eugenio Fresi,Franco Bambacigno 1993 The Haven Incident:Lessons Learned with Particular Reference to Environmental Damages  
R.B.Clark 1978 Oiled Seabird Rescue and Conservation  
R.D.DeLaune, C.W.Lindau, I.Devai, C.B.Henry 1997 Burning of Oiled Louisiana Coastal Marsh:Field Evaluation  
R.Helten,G.Helten,[ed] 2002 International Review for Environmental Strategies
Globalization and Sustainable Development
 
R.T.Paine, Jennifer L.Ruesink, Adrian Sun, Elaine L.Soulanille, Marjorie J.Wonham, Christopher D.G.Harley, Daniel R.Brumbaugh, David L.Secord 1996 TROUBLE ON OILED WATERS:Lessons from the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill  
R.Varadaraj,M.L.Robbins, J.Bock,S.Pace,D.MacDonald 1995 Dispersion and Biodegradation of Oil Spill on Water  
Ralph A.Bianchi 1993 The Impact of Regulations on the Development of Oil Spill Recovery Vessels  
Ralph, C. J. 1994 Evidence of changes in populations of the marbled murrelet in the Pacific northwest.  
Randall B.Luthi,Linda B.Burlington,Eli Rrinharz, Sharon K.Shutler 1993 The Second Generation of Natural Resource Damage Assessments:Lessons Learned?  
Randall, R. M., B. M. Randall, and J. Bevan 1980 Oil pollution and penguins - is cleaning justified?  
Randall, R., and B. Randall 1986 The Kapodistrias affair - another oiling incident affecting seabirds.  
Rands, M. 1991 Gulf crisis - ICBP's response.  
Ranu Gadi, S.Kapoor, H.S.Rawat, K.Chandra 1995 Trace Metals and Biomarkers in Oil: A Tool for Identification of Spills  
Rattner, B.A., and W.C.Eastin Jr. 1981 Plasma corticosterone and thyroxine concentrations during chronic ingestion of crude oil in mallard ducks (Anas platyrhynchos).  
Rattner, B.A., J.L.Capizzi, K.A.King, L.J.LeCaptain, and M.J.Melancon 1995 Exposure and effects of oilfield brine discharges on western sandpipers (Calidris mauri) in Nueces Bay, Texas.  
Ray Worley, ana Stalcup, Brad Kaiman, Kim Balassiano 1997 Using GIS to Aid in Spill Prevention,Preparedness,and Response  
Readman, J.W., S.W.Fowler, J.P.Villeneuve, C.Cattini, B.Oregioni, and L.D.Mee 1992 Oil and combustion-product contamination of the Gulf marine environment following the war.  
Rebecca Z.Hoff, Gary Shigenaka, Charles B.Henry,Jr. 1993 Salt Marsh Recovery from a Crude Oil Spill:Vegetation,Oil Weathering,and Response  
Redig, P.T., J.White, J.Scott, J.Dunnette, P.Lind, and B.Talbot 1990 A medical assessment of bald eagles from Prince William Sound in the wake of the Exxon lube job.  
Reed, M., D.P.French, J.Calambokidis, and J.C.Cubbage 1989 Simulation modelling of the effects of oil spills on population dynamics of northern fur seals.  
Rehfisch, M., S.Warbrick, N.A.Clark, R.H.W.Langston, and S.Delany 1992 The impact of the Severn oil spill of February 1991 on the populations and distributions of waterfowl.  
Reid, K. 1995 Oiled penguins observed at Bird Island, South Georgia.  
Reineking B. 1984 Zum Seevogelsterben durch Olpest an der deutschen Nordseekuste im Winter 1982/83 (1) Andrews, J. H. and Standring, K. T. (eds) 1979. Marine oil Pollution and Birds. RSPB Sandy. .
Reineking B. 1984 Zum Seevogelsterben durch Olpest an der deutschen Nordseekuste im Winter 1982/83 (2) Becker, P. H., u. A. Schuster (1980) Vergleich der Verolung von Vogeln nach Arten, Jahren und raumlicher Verteilung an der deutschen Nordseekuste in den Jahren 1972 und 1974-1980. Ber. Dtsch. Sekt. Int. Rat Vogelschutz 20: 55-61.
Reineking B. 1984 Zum Seevogelsterben durch Olpest an der deutschen Nordseekuste im Winter 1982/83 (3) Busche, G. (1980) Vogelbestande des Wattenmeeres von Schleswig-Holstein. Kilda Verlag, Greven: 1-157. .
Reineking B. 1984 Zum Seevogelsterben durch Olpest an der deutschen Nordseekuste im Winter 1982/83 (4) Busche, G., u. R. K. Berndt (1984) Ornithologicher Jahresbericht fur Schleswig-Holstein 1982 Corax 10/2:249-284.
Reineking B. 1984 Zum Seevogelsterben durch Olpest an der deutschen Nordseekuste im Winter 1982/83 (5) Muller, H. H. (1983) Olpest immer schlimmer: Die sehen aus, wie in Teer gebadet. Seevogel 4/1.
Reineking B. 1984 Zum Seevogelsterben durch Olpest an der deutschen Nordseekuste im Winter 1982/83 (6) Plaisier, F. (1983) Die Vogel Langeoogs- Untersuchungen zur Avifauna einer kustennahen Duneninsel. Drosera 1:21-48.
Reineking B. 1984 Zum Seevogelsterben durch Olpest an der deutschen Nordseekuste im Winter 1982/83 (7) Reineking, B. (1983) Seevogelverluste durch Olverschmutzung. Zuruckliegende Beobachtungen auf Helgoland und ein Versuch zur Abschatzung der Gesamtverkuste vor der deutschen Nordseekuste im Winter halbjahr 1982/873. Seevogel 4/3. .
Reineking B. 1984 Zum Seevogelsterben durch Olpest an der deutschen Nordseekuste im Winter 1982/83 (8) Reineking, B., u. G. Vauk (1982) Seevogel opfer der Olpest. Joudsandbuch Nr. 2, Niederelbe-Zeitung, Otterndorf: 1-143. .
Reineking B. 1984 Zum Seevogelsterben durch Olpest an der deutschen Nordseekuste im Winter 1982/83 (9) Rosler, M. (1983) Sylter Olpestbericht uber die Monate November 1982 bis April 1983. Seevogel 4/4.
Reineking B. 1984 Zum Seevogelsterben durch Olpest an der deutschen Nordseekuste im Winter 1982/83 (10) Schmidt, G. A. J. (1983) Vogelk. Tagebuch Schl. Holstein Jg.11/1:25-27.
Reineking B. 1984 Zum Seevogelsterben durch Olpest an der deutschen Nordseekuste im Winter 1982/83 (11) Vauk, G. (1981) Seevogelverluste durch Olpest in einigen Gebieten an der schleswigholsteinishen Nordseekuste in den Monaten November 1980 bis Januar 1981. Seevogel 2:60-62.
Reineking B. 1984 Zum Seevogelsterben durch Olpest an der deutschen Nordseekuste im Winter 1982/83 (12) Vauk, G. (1983) Olpest Helgoland 1982. Seevogel 4/1:1-3.
Reineking B. 1984 Zum Seevogelsterben durch Olpest an der deutschen Nordseekuste im Winter 1982/83 (13) Vauk, G., u, K, Pierstorff (1973) Ergebnisse dreizehnjahriger Olpestbeobachtungen auf Helgoland (1960-1972). Corax 4:136-146.
Reineking B. 1984 Zum Seevogelsterben durch Olpest an der deutschen Nordseekuste im Winter 1982/83 (14) Vauk, G., u.B. Reineking (1980) Ergebnisse weiterer seiben Jahre Olpestbeobachtungen auf Helgoland. Seevogel 1:22-28.
Reineking B. 1984 Zum Seevogelsterben durch Olpest an der deutschen Nordseekuste im Winter 1982/83 (15) Vauk-Hentzelt, E. (1984) Olpestberichte Helgoland 1983. Seevogel 5/2:21-22.
Reineking B. 1984 Zum Seevogelsterben durch Olpest an der deutschen Nordseekuste im Winter 1982/83 (16) Wasmeier, R. (1983) Olpestberichte von November 1982 bis Mitte April 1983 Unveroffentl. Manuskripte. .
Richard Bavister,Jon Wonham 1993 Contingency Planning for Oil Spill Response:A Program of Joint IMO/OIL Industry Regional Seminars  
Richard C.Long 1995 Fishing Induatry and Community Support  
Richard Fitch 1993 Remote Oil Spill Detector for Oil Terminals and API Separators  
Richard L.Benson,Richard S.LeGore,Cdr.David Pascoe 1993 A Mechanized Approach to Beach Cleanup in Saudi Arabia  
Richard Lazes 1995 The Effects of In-Situ Burning of Oil on Fire Boom  
Richard S.Caldwell 1974 Osmotic and Ionic Regulation in Decapod Crustacea Exposed to Methoxychlor  
Richard W.Dunford, Sara P.Hudson, William H.Desvousges 1993 Experimental Contingent Values for Reducing Environmental Damage from Oil Spills  
Richard W.Dunford, Kristy E.Mathews, F.Reed Johnson 1997 Conjoint Analysis:A Technique for Determining Compensatory Restoration  
Richard W.Dunford, Kristy E.Mathews, H.Spencer Banzhaf 1995 A Cooperative Approach for Measuring Direct-Use Damages: The 1992 Avila Beach(California)Oil Spill  
Richardson, M.G., M.Heubeck, D.Lea, and P.Reynolds 1982 Oil pollution, seabirds, and operational consequences, around the northern isles of Scotland.  
Rikardsen, F., W.Vader, R.Barrett, K.B.Strann, and H.M.Iversen 1987 Environmental impact study: oil/seabirds, Troms 2.  
Robert A.Levine 1995 Drilling for Reality  
Robert A.Major,Nancy Ryan Gray,Thomas F.Marucci 1993 Dispersant Application by Fire Monitor  
Robert C.Clark,Jr., and John S.Finley 1977 Effects of Oil Spill in Arctic and Subarctic Environments
I. Introduction
II. Arctic and Subarctic Oil Spills
III. Pacific Subarctic and Arctic Ocean as Potential Oil Spill Areas
IV. Prospectus
V. References
 
Robert C.Clark,Jr.,and Donald W. Brown 1977 Chemical Properties of Petroleum and Petroleum Products  
Robert C.Clark,Jr.,and Donald W. Brown 1977 Methods of Analysis for Petroleum Hydrocarbons  
Robert C.Clark,Jr.,and Donald W. Brown 1977 Hydrocarbons and Non-Hydrocarbons in Petroleum and Organisms  
Robert C.Clark,Jr.,and Donald W. Brown 1977 Prospectus  
Robert C.Clark,Jr.,and Donald W. Brown 1977 References  
Robert C.Clark,Jr.,and William D.MacLeod, Jr. 1977 Effects of Petroleum on Arctic and Subarctic Marine Environments and Organisms.
Vol. I: Natural and Fate of Petroleum.
Chapter 2
Inputs, Transport Mechanisms, and Observed Concentrations of Petroleum in the Marine Environment
 
Robert C.Clark,Jr.,and William D.MacLeod, Jr. 1977 Potential Petroleum Hydrocarbon Inputs  
Robert C.Clark,Jr.,and William D.MacLeod, Jr. 1977 Spill Transport and Related Mechanisms  
Robert C.Clark,Jr.,and William D.MacLeod, Jr. 1977 Petroleum Hydrocarbon Levels in the Marine Environment  
Robert C.Clark,Jr.,and William D.MacLeod, Jr. 1977 Prospectus  
Robert C.Clark,Jr.,and William D.MacLeod, Jr. 1977 References  
Robert C.Clark,Jr.,and Donald W. Brown 1977 Petroleum: Properties and Analyses in Biotic and Abiotic Systems  
Robert C.Clark,Jr.,and Donald W. Brown 1977 Petroleum: General Description  
Robert C.Clark,Jr.,and Donald W. Brown 1977 Physical Characterristics of Petroleum  
Robert C.Szaro, Gary Hensler, Gary H.Feinz 1981 EFFECTS OF CHRONIC INGESTION OF NO.2 FUEL OIL ON@ MALLARD DUCKLINGS  
Robert D.Martin, Mehrdad M.Moosavi, Lee A.Smith 1995 Texas General Land Office Oil Spill GIS and Trajectory Modeling  
Robert D.Martin,Jr., Ilene Byron,and Robert Pavia 1997 Evolution of Shoreline Cleanup Assessment Team Activities During the Buffalo 292 Oil Spill  
Robert D.Martin,Jr.,F.J.Kelly,Linwood L.Lee,and Norman L.Guinasso,Jr. 1997 Texas Automated Buoy System:Real-Time Currents for Oil Spill Response  
Robert G.Pond, Janet H.ucklick, Ann Hayward Walker, Ann Bostrom, Paul Fischbeck, Don Aurand 1997 Bridging the Gap for Effective Dispersant Decisions Through Risk Communication  
Robert J.Fiocco, Richard R.Lessard 1997 Demulsifying Dispersant for an Extended Window of Use  
Robert J.Fiocco,Kenneth W.Becker,Marjorie A.Walsh,Jorunn N.Hokstad, Per S.Daling,Alun Lewis 1995 Improved Laboratory Demulsification Tests for Oil Spill Response  
Robert L.Van Dyck, Michael S.Bruno 1995 Effect of Waves on Containment Boom Response  
Robert L.Watkins 1995 Effectiveness of Oil Spill Recovery Systems  
Robert N.Rosen 1997 Boyd's Creek Oil Spill Removal Site,Glasgow,Kentucky  
Robert N.Rosen 1997 Lookout Mountain Pipeline Rupture,Chattanooga,Tennessee  
Robert P.Labelle, Margie G.Hegy 1993 Oil Spill Trajectory Analysis for U.S.Coastal Waters  
Robert P.LaBelle, Charles F.Marshall, Cheryl M.Anderson, Walter R.Johnson 1997 Exporting Alaskan North Slope Crude Oil:Evaluation of Oil Spill Risks  
Robert P.LaBelle, Charles M.Marshall 1995 Application of Oil Spill Simulations to Tanker Routing Off the U.S.Coast  
Robert Pavia,Jacqueline Michel,Jill Petersen,Lt.Stacy Birk-Risheim 1995 An Integrated Program for Sensitive Environment Mapping  
Robert W.Castle, Fred Wehrenberg 1997 Universal Field Oil Spill Classification  
Robert W.Castle, Fred Wehrenberg, Jeremy Bartlett, Jason Nuckols 1995 Heavy Oil Spills: Out of Sight, Out of Mind  
Robert W.Castle, Frederick Wehrenberg, Harris W.Martin 1995 Beach Restoration Procedures  
Roberto Desimone, John Mark Agosta 1995 Decision Support for Oil Spill Response Configuration Planning  
Robin J.Law, Carole A.Kelly, Katie L.Graham, Ruth J.Woodhead, Peter E.J.Dyrynda, Elisabeth A.Dyrynda 1997 Hydrocarbons and PAH in Fish and Shellfish from Southwest Wales Following the Sea Empress Oil Spill in 1996  
Robin Perry 1995 The Braer Oil Spill  
Robinson J. 1973 Pesticide Residues in the Environment  
Rodway, M.S., H.R.Carter, S.G.Sealy, and R.W.Campbell 1992 Status of the marbled murrelet in British Columbia.  
Rodway, M.S., M.J.F.Lemon, and K.R.Summers 1992 Seabird breeding populations in the Scott Islands on the west coast of Vancouver Island, 1982-89.  
Roger C.Helm, Michael Ammann 1997 Joint Trustee/Industry Cooperative Prespill and NRDA Planning  
Roger C.Prince,Richard E.Bare,Graham N.George,Copper E.Haith,Matthew J.Grossman,James R.Lute,David L.Elmendorf,Vera Minak-Bernero,James D.Senius,Lois G.Keim,Russel R.Chianelli,Stephen M.Hinton,Andrew R.Teal 1993 The Effect of Bioremediation on the Microbial Populations of Oiled Beaches in Prince William Sound,ALASKA  
Roger E.Daniels, Anthony F.Harrison, John A.Parkinson, Graham Hall 1995 Burial and Breakdown of Oil in Coastal Dune Systems  
Roger J.Percy, Stephane R.LeBlanc, Edward H.Owens 1997 An Integrated Approach to Shoreline Mapping for Spill Response Planning in Canada  
Roger James Percy 1993 Canadian National Sensitivity Mapping Program  
Roger Kantin, Michel Albrecht, Joseph Blanc, Claudine Le Mut Tiercelin 1995 Emergency Response Activities at Cedre  
Roger W.Mickelson 1995 Evaluation and Correction: Keys to Response Preparedness  
Ron H.Goodman,Debra Simecek-Beatty, Don Hodbins 1995 1995 International Oil Spill Conference Tracking Buoys for Oil Spills  
Roos, G. T. de 1978 Middelste jager achtervolgt Scholeksters op Vlieland. A North Sea Manx shearwater as an oil slick victim in Vlieland.  
Roy Overstreet, Andrzej Lewandowski, William Lehr, Robert Jones, Debra Simecek-Beatty,Donna Calhoun 1995 Sensitivity Analysis in Oil Spill Models: Case Study Using ADIOS  
Royal Nadeau,Rajeshmal Singhvi,John Ryabik,Yi-Hua Lin,John Syslo 1993 Monitoring for Bioremediation Efficacy:The Marrow Marsh Experience  
Ruiz-Villarreal M, Gonzalez-Pola C, Diaz del Rio G, Lavin A, Otero P, Piedracoba S, Cabanas JM. 2006 Oceanographic conditions in North and Northwest Iberia and their influence on the Prestige oil spill.  
Ruth Yender 1997 Recovery of Rockweed Following Experimental Removal  
Rutschke, E. 1979 Folgen der Amoco-Cadiz-Katastrophe fur die Seevogel.  
Ruzicka.J.H. 1973 Methods and Probems in Analysing for Pesticide Residues in the Environment  
Ryusuke Kado, Hiroshi Tokuda,Hiroo Satoh,Shin-ichi Hanawa, Yukiwo Murata 1993 Influence of a Big Oil Spill During the GULF WAR on Intertidal Invertebrates  

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