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Cadbury, C. J. 1987 UK Estuaries under threat.  
Cairns, D. K., and R. D. Elliot 1987 Oil spill impact assessment for seabirds: The role of refugia and growth centres.  
Campbell, L. 1980 The impact of an oilspill in the Firth of Forth on great crested grebes.  
Campbell, L.H.,K.T.Standring, and C.J.Cadbury 1978 Firth of Forth oil pollution incident, February 1978.  
Camphuysen C J; van Franeker J A [Eds] 1991 Proceedings NZG/NSO Workshop 19 April 1991, Rijswijk. Oil pollution, beached bird surveys and policy: towards a more effective approach to an old problem.  
Camphuysen, C. J. 1986 Numbers of little auks Alle alle and puffins Fratercula arctica found on the Netherlands coast during 1969-85.  
Camphuysen, C. J. 1989 Mass mortality of guillemots along the Dutch coast, winter 1988/1989.  
Camphuysen, C. J. 1989 National beached bird survey, February 1989.  
Camphuysen, C. J. 1990 Diet, age and sex of guillemots in the Dutch sector of the North Sea in spring.  
Camphuysen, C. J. 1990 Mass-stranding of razorbills and guillemots on the Dutch coast, Jan-Feb 1990.  
Camphuysen, C. J. 1991 Comparative investigations on oil types on beached birds in the southern North Sea: spring 1991.  
Camphuysen, C. J. 1992 Beached bird surveys, December 1991 - February 1992.  
Camphuysen, C. J. 1992 Beached bird surveys, March - May 1992.  
Camphuysen, C. J. 1996 Birds found in the National Beached Bird Survey 1996. Vondsten Nationale Stookolieslachtoffertelling 1996.  
Camphuysen, C. J. 1996 The Sea Empress oil accident in Wales. Het Sea Empress olie-incident in Wales.  
Camphuysen, C. J. and J. A. van Franeker 1992 The value of beached bird surveys in monitoring marine oil pollution.  
Camphuysen, C.J. 1995 Beached birds in the Netherlands as indicators of marine oil pollution.  
Camphuysen, C.J., S.Hart, and H.S.Zandstra 1988 Seabird mortality following ore-carrier MV Borcea's oil-leak off Zeeland, the Netherlands, January 1988.  
Camphuysen, K. 1989 Strandingen van zeevogels op de Nederlandse kust. [Stranding of seabirds on the Netherlands coast.]  
Camphuysen, K. C. J. 1990 Mass-stranding of razorbills on the Dutch coast, Jan-Mar 1990: number, age and oiling.  
Camphuysen, K.(C.J.), P.Duiven, M.P.Harris M.F.Leopold 1997 Terugmeldingen van in Nederland Geringde Zeekoeten Uria aalge: de overleving van Gerehabiliteerde Oileslachtoffers.@Recoveries of Guillemots Ringed in the Netherlands* the@survival of Rehabilitated Oiled Seabirds.  
Camphuysen,C.J.,Dijk Kvan; Geelhoed S; Hart S; Keije G O; van Leeuwen E; Leopold M F; Stienstra D; de Windbreker; Wolf P A 1990 Recent reports Beached bird surveys, September-November 1990.  
CAPT James W.Calhoun, CDR Stephan P.Glenn, LCDR Lynn M.Henderson, Welcoma T.Duncan, Cheryl Johnson 1997 Development of a Dispersant Doctrine in the Gulf of Mexico  
Capt.Ashok Mahapatra 1995 International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness Response and Cooperation--An Overview  
Capt.Donald S.Jensen, Cdr.Robert Pond,Cdr.Mark H.JOohnson 1993 Response to a Spill of National Significance  
Capt.Edmond P.Thompson 1995 Development of Effective National Response Systems  
Capt.Francisco Pizarro 1995 Port State Control in Latin America  
Capt.Francisco Pizarro 1995 Contingency Planning in Chile  
Capt.Gary J.E.Thornton 1995 Quality and the Unified Command: The Reinvention of Spill Response  
Capt.Kevin J.Eldridge and Lt.Joseph J.Leonard,Jr., CDR Dean W.Kutz,and LTJG Monica L.Rochester 1997 Tank Barge BUFFALO 292: A Unified Response  
Capt.Klaus Schroh 1995 Advanced Aerial Surveillance System for Detection of Marine Pollution and International Aerial Surveillance Cooperation in@ the North and Baltic Seas  
Capt.Larry L.Hereth 1997 Setting Objectives in a Unified Command:ThegCosthof Leadership  
Capt.Michael J.Donohoe, Cdr.Bruce A.Russell,Patricia Clark 1993 Pollution Prevention,Preparedness,and Response coordination Efforts between The U.S.Coast Guard and Coastal,Great Lakes,and Inland River States  
Capt.Richard C.Vlaun, Cdr.@Kenneth Bradford, Lt.Cdr.@Phillip Biedenbender,Lt.(j.g.)John White 1995 Preparedness Plans Versus Actual Response: The Incident@Specific Preparedness Review of the T/B Morris J.Berman@Major Oil Spill  
Capt.Richard W.Harbert 1995 Tampa Bay Spill: Command and Control Issues  
Capt.Rodney E.Smith, Case Management Staff 1993 Removal Costs and Claims under The Oil Pollution Act of 1990  
Capt.Roger D.Mowery, Lt.Cdr.Bill Edgar 1995 Consensus-Based, Consolidated Contingency Plan  
Capt.Thomas E.Thompson, Lt.Cdr.William R.Marhoffer, CW04 Robert F.Melia 1995 On Scene Coordinator/COTP Employment of an Infrared Sensor  
Capt.Vincent Cantwell 1997 Managing Personnel in Sustained Spill Response Efforts  
Capt.Vincent Cantwell 1997 The Human Physiology Underlying Alertness,Risk,and Performance in the Oil Transportation Industry  
Capt.W.F."Biff"Holt 1993 Implementing the OPRC-Translating Diplomatic Diplomatic Concepts into Reality  
Capt.William Boland, Pete Bontadelli 1995 To Boldly Where No State has Gone Before  
Carl E.Brown, Mervin F.Fingas 1997 Turning Over a New LEAF:The Next Generation of Laser Fluorosensors  
Carl G.Kitz, Michael J.Szerlog, Sean M.Hyde 1997 Technology and Interactive Softwae for OilSpill Planning and Response  
Carl R.Pellegrino 1993 OPA 1990 Takes US Back to the 1970s  
Carlos Villoria, Elia Gomez, Nelson Garc?a Tavel 1995 National Drill of the Venezuelan Oil Spill Contingency Plan  
Carlos Villoria, Rosa P?rez 1995 Oil Spill Decision Support System for the Venezuelan Oil Industry  
Caroline Ladanowski 1995 Role of Environment Canada Emergency Officers in Oil Spill Response Management  
Caroline Ladanowski, Hamid Bushra, Andrew Somers 1997 Pilot-Scale Studies for Hydraulic Washing of Oiled Shoreline  
Carolyn M.White 1997 Public Affairs:Balancing on the Tightrope Between Full Disclosure and Avoiding Further Risk  
Carolyn M.White, Patricia Donahue 1995 Area Contingency Plans: The Good, the Bad, and the Ever-Evolving  
Caroo N, Cobas J, Maneiro J. 2006 Distribution of aliphatic compounds in bivalve mollusks from Galicia after the Prestige oil spill: spatioal and temporal trends. .  
Carracedo P, Torres-Lopez S, Barreiro M, Montero P, Balserio CF, Penabad E, Leitao PC, Perez-Munuzuri V. 2006 Improvement of pollutant drift forecast system applied to the Prestige oil spills in Galicia Coast (NW of Spain): development of an operational system.  
Carrasco JM, Lope V, Perez-Gomez B, Aragones N, Suarez B, Lopez-Abente G, Rodriguez-Artalejo F, Pollan M. 2006 Association between health information, use of protective devices and occurrence of acute health problems in the Prestige oil spill clean-up in Asturias and Cantabria (Spain): a cross-sectional study. .  
Carrie Holba,Mary McGee,@Peg Thompson 1993 Oil Spill Public Information Center Its Role in the Flow of Information on the EXXON VALDEZ Oil Spill  
Carro N, Cbas J, Maneiro J. 2005 Distribution of aliphatic compounds in bivalve
mollusks from Galicia after the prestige oil spill:
Spatial and temporal trends.
 
Carter, H.R., and R.A.Erickson 1992 Status and conservation of the marbled murrelet in California, 1892-1987.  
Carter, H.R., R.C.Helm, S.H.Newman 1997 Nakhodoka oil spill in the sea of Japan.  
Cavanaugh, K. P. 1982 The effects of South Louisiana and Kuwait crude oils on reproduction.  
Cavanaugh, K.P., and W. N. Holmes 1982 Effects of ingested petroleum on plasma level of ovarian steroid homenes in photostumulated mallard ducks.  
CDR Randolph C.Helland, LTJG Benjamin L.Smith, William Edward Hazel III, Michael Popa, Dannis J.McCarthy 1997 Underwater Recovery of Submerged Oil During a Cold Weather Response  
CDR Robert A.Van Zandt 1997 The OSRO Classification Program:What It Is and What It Is Not  
CDR Robert A.Van Zandt, Jorice Williams 1997 Response Resource Inventory  
Cdr.Dan Thorell 1995 Modernizing The Copenhagen Agreement  
Cdr.Dan Thorell, Capt.Thomas Fago 1995 Swedish Coast Guard Response Training Program  
Cdr.David M.Giraitis 1993 U.S.Coast Guard National Spill Response Resource Inventory  
Cdr.Frank L.Whipple, Lt.Cdr.Stephan P.Glenn, Lt.Cdr.Joseph J.Ocken,Gary L.Ott 1993 A Program Approach for Site Safety at Oil Spills  
Cdr.Frank Whipple, Sharon Christopherson, Jacqueline Michel 1995 Mechanical Protection Guidelines  
Cdr.Jane M.Hartley, Donald F.Hamera 1995 Response to a Major Gasoline Release into the Mississippi RIVER  
Cdr.Jerzy J.Kichner 1995 Lightering and Salvage of the Tank Barge Ocean 255 in Aftermath of a Collision,Explosion,and Fire in Tampa Bay,Florida,August 1993  
Cdr.John C.Reed, Lt.Cdr.Harry E.Schultz, William P.Athayde 1993 The Regional Response Team(RRT):Dynamite or Dinosaur?  
Cdr.M.Descleves, Robert Pellen 1993 Intercalibration Exercise for Remote Sensing Aircraft  
Cdr.Robert G.Ross 1995 Spill Response Management and the Morris J.Berman Spill: The FOSC's Perspective  
Cdr.Thomas P.Leveille, Dan Shane, Lt.Cdr.James Morris 1995 Northridge Earthquake Pipeline Rupture into the Santa Clara River  
Chantal C.Gu?nette, Per Sveum,Cathe M.Bech, Ian A.Buist 1995 Studies of In-Situ Burning of Emulsions in Norway  
Chantal C.Gu?nette, Linn Aasnes, Odd Arne Follum 1997 Shoreline Cleanup in Norway:Lessons Learned and Recommendations  
Charles B.Henry, Paulene O.Roberts, Edward B.Overton 1997 Advancing Forensic Chemistry of Spilled Oil:Self-Normalizing Fingerprint Indexes  
Charles B.Henry,Jr.,Edward B.Overton 1993 Chemical Composition and Source Fingerprinting of Depositional Oil from the KUWAIT OIL FIRES  
Charles B.Pace, James R.Clark, Gail E.Bragin 1995 Comparing Crude Oil Toxicity Under Standard and Environmentally Realistic Exposures  
Charles Corbett, Svein Ringbakken 1997 Vessel Response Plans:Forging Better Plans Through Industry/Government Cooperation  
Charles K,Eger,Wen-Jei Fang,Jon Maybriar,Keith Sims 1993 Implementation of Field Techniques to Stabilize Abandoned Oil Wells-Boyd's Creek,Kentucky  
Charles P.Giammona, F.Rainer Engelhardt,Kandace S.Binkley 1995 Airborne Detection,Imaging and Telemetry of Oil and Other Spectral Features on the Ocean Surface  
Charles R.Corbett 1993 Vessel Response Plan Requirements:Observations by INTERTANKO  
Chris Christenson, Helen Bart 1997 International Planning as Localized Planning  
Chris Harris 1995 The Braer Incident: Shetland Islands, January 1993  
Chris Harris 1997 The Sea Empress Incident:Overview and Response at Sea  
Chris Horrocks 1995 The Donaldson Report: Implications for the Shipping Industry  
Christens, E., and H.Blokpoel 1991 Operational spraying of white mineral oil to prevent hatching of gull eggs.  
Christine Burk, Joseph Stahovec, David Vaught 1995 USCG Response Equipment Integrated Logistics System  
Christine S.Meers, Paul Ameer 1995 Evaluation of the U.S.Coast Guard's Tanker Inspection Program:Tanker Inspection Impacts  
Christophe Rousseau 1993 Cedre's Training Activities  
Christopher Hall, Stephen M.Lehmann, Virginia Curl, Eliot Hurwitz 1997 The North Cape Spill:An Information Management Success Story  
Christopher O.Younghans-Haug, Martha F.Wolfe, Ronald S.Tjeerdema, Michael L.Sowby 1995 Experimental Design to Quantify Chemically Dispersed Crude Bioavailability to Phytoplankton  
Christos Douligeris, John Collins, R.Blanco, J.Jacobs, Bart Baca 1997 OSIMS:Oil Spill Information Management System  
Christpher Hall, John Murphy, LCDR Bradford Benggio 1997 Response Information Flow Management:Considerations for Planning and Training  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 Marine birds of the southeastern United States and Gulf of Mexico,Part II.Anseriformes.Preface Abstract Maps Tables Abbreviations Used in Text  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1983 Marine birds of the southeastern United States and Gulf of Mexico,Part III.Charadriiformes.
Disclaimer
Preface
Abstract
Contents
Maps
Table
Abbreviations Used in Text
 
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 Marine birds of the southeastern United States and Gulf of Mexico,Part II.Anseriformes.Preface
Abstract
Maps
Tables
Abbreviations Used in Text
 
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 PURPOSE OF REPORT  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 STUDY AREA
Habitats
Climates
 
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 METHODS  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 ARRANGEMENT AND CONTENT OF SPECIES ACCOUNTS
Species Included
Scientific and Vernacular Names
General Distribution
Distribution in the Coastal Southeastern United States
Synopsis of Present Distribution and Abundance
Habitat
Food and Feeding Behavior
Important Biological Parameters
Susceptibility to Oil Pollution
Species Bibliography
 
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 OIL POLLUTION AND MARINE BIRDS OF THE SOUTHEASTERN UNITED STATES
Variability in Species' Susceptibility to Oil Pollution
Regional Differences in Oiling and Mortality of Beached Birds
Major Birdkills Following Oil Spills in the Southeastern U.S.
Sources of Variation in Mortality from Oil Pollution
Effects of Oil on Contaminated Birds and Their Eggs
Potential Hazards to Marine Birds from Offshore Oil Production
 
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 RECOMMENDATIONS FOR FUTURE RESEARCH
Choice of Species for Future Research
Research Needed on Effects of Oil on Southeastern Marine Birds
 
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 ANSERIFORMES
Anatidae
 
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 Fulvous Whistling Duck (Dendrocygna bicolor) account, bibliography.  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 Black-bellied Whistling Duck (Dendrocygna autumnalis) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 Mute Swan (Cygnus olor) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 Whistling Swan (Olor cloumbianus) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 White-fronted Goose (Anser albifrons) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 Snow Goose (Chen caerulescens) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 Ross' Goose (Chen rossii) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 Canada Goose (Branta canadensis) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 Barnacle Goose (Branta leucopsis) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 Brant (Branta bernicla) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 Wood Duck (Aix sponsa) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 Eurasian Wigeon (Anas penelope) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 American Wigeon (Anas americana) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 Gadwall (Anas strepera) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 Green-winged Teal (Anas crecca) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 Mottled Duck (Anas fulvigula) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 Black Duck (Anas rubripes) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 Northern Pintail (Anas acuta) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 Blue-winged Teal (Anas discors) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 Cinnamon Teal (Anas cyanoptera) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 Northern Shoveler (Anas clypeata) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 Canvasback (Aythya valisineria) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 Redhead (Aythya americana) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 Ring-necked Duck (Aythya collaris) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 Greater Scaup (Aythya marila) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 Lesser Scaup (Aythya affinis) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 Common Eider (Somateria mollissima) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 King Eider (Somateria spectabilis) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 Harlequin Duck (Histrionicus histrioncus) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 Oldsquaw (Clangula hyemalis) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 Black Scoter (Melanitta nigra) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 Surf Scoter (Melanitta perspicillata) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 White-winged Scoter (Melanitta fusca) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 Common Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 Bufflehead (Bucephala albeola) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 Hooded Merganser (Lophodytes cucullatus) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus serrator) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 Common Merganser (Mergus merganser) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 Masked Duck (Oxyura dominica) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 Ruddy Duck (Oxyura jamaicensis) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1982 Literature Cited  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1983 Marine birds of the southeastern United States and Gulf of Mexico,Part III.Charadriiformes.
Disclaimer
Preface
Abstract
Contents
Maps
Table
Abbreviations Used in Text
 
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1983 PURPOSE OF REPORT  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1983 STUDY AREA Habitats Climates  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1983 METHODS  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1983 Arrangement and Contents of Species Accounts
Species Included
Scientific and Vernacular Names
General Distribution
Distribution and Abundance in the Coastal Southeastern United States
Synopsis of Present Distribution and Abundance
Habitat
Food and Feeding Behavior
Important Biological Parameters
Susceptibility to Oil Pollution
Species Bibliography
 
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1983 Oil Pollution and Marine Birds of the Southeastern United States
Variability Among Species in Susceptibility to Oil Pollution
Regional and Seasonal Differences in Oiling and Mortality of Beached Birds
Bird Kills Following Oil Spills in the Southeastern United States
Sources of Variation in Mortality from Oil Pollution
Effects of Oil on Contaminated Birds and Their Eggs
Potential Hazards to Marine Birds from Offshore Oil Production
 
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1983 RECOMMENDATIONS FOR FUTURE RESEARCH
Status and Biology of Breeding Species
Distribution and Biology of Transient,Wintering,and Pelagic Populations
Effects of Oil on Southeastern Marine Birds
 
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1983 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1983 Species Accounts
Charadriformes
Scolopacidae (Phalaropidinae)
Red-necked Phalarope (Phalaropus lobatus) account, bibliography
 
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1983 Red Phalarope (Phalaropus fulicaria) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1983 Laughing Gull (Larus atricilla) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1983 Franklin's Gull (Larus pipixcan) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1983 Bonaparte's Gull (Larus philadelphia) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1983 Ring-billed Gull (Larus delawarensis) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1983 Herring Gull (Larus argentatus) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1983 Geat Black-backed Gull (Larus marinus) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1983 Gull-billed Tern (Sterna nilotica) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1983 Caspian Tern (Sterna caspia) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1983 Royal Tern (Sterna maxima) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1983 Sandwich Tern (Sterna sandvicensis) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1983 Roseate Tern (Sterna dougallii) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1983 Common Tern (Sterna hirundo) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1983 Arctic Tern (Sterna paradisaea) account , bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1983 Forster's Tern (Sterna forsteri) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1983 Least Tern (Sterna antillarum) account bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1983 Bridled Tern (Sterna anaethetus) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1983 Sooty Tern (Sterna fuscata) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1983 Black Tern (Chlidonias niger) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1983 Brown Noddy (Anous stolidus) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1983 Black Skimmer (Rynchops niger) account, bibliography  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,and R.C.Banks 1983 Literature Cited  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,W.A.Hoffman and R.C.Banks 1982 Marine birds of the southeastern United States and Gulf of Mexico, Part I GAVIIFORMES through PELECANIFORMES Preface Abstract Contents Maps Tables  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,W.A.Hoffman and R.C.Banks 1982 Marine birds of the southeastern United States and Gulf of Mexico, Part I GAVIIFORMES through PELECANIFORMES
Preface
Abstract
Contents
Maps
Tables
 
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,W.A.Hoffman and R.C.Banks 1982 PURPOSE OF REPORT  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,W.A.Hoffman and R.C.Banks 1982 STUDY AREA
Habitats
Climates
 
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,W.A.Hoffman and R.C.Banks 1982 METHODS  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,W.A.Hoffman and R.C.Banks 1982 Arrangement and Content of Species Acconts
Abbreviations
Species Included
Scientific and Vernacular Names
General Distribution
Distribution in the Coastal Southeastern United States
Synopsis of Present Distribution and Abundance
Hab
 
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,W.A.Hoffman and R.C.Banks 1982 Oil Pollution and Marine Birds of the Southeastern Uinted States
Variability in Species' Susceptibility to Oil Pollution
Regional Differences in Oiling and Mortality of Beached Birds
Major Bird kills Following Oil Spills in the Southeastern U.S.
Sources of Variation in Mortality from Oil Pollution
Effects of Oil on Contaminated Birds and Their Eggs
Potential Hazards to Marine
 
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,W.A.Hoffman and R.C.Banks 1982 RECOMMENDATIONS FOR FUTURE RESEARCH
Status and Biology of Breeding Species
Distribution and Status of Pelagic Species
Distribution and Status of Transient and Wintering Inshore Populations
Research Needed on Effects of Oil on Southeastern Marine Birds
 
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,W.A.Hoffman and R.C.Banks 1982 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS  
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,W.A.Hoffman and R.C.Banks 1982 Species Accounts
Gaviiformes
Gaviidae
Red-throated Loon ( Gavia stellata ) account
Red-throated Loon ( Gavia stellata ) bibliography
Arctic Loon ( Gavia arctica ) account
Arctic Loon ( Gavia arctica ) bibliography
Common Loon ( Gavia immer ) account
Common Loon ( Gavia immer ) bibliography
 
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,W.A.Hoffman and R.C.Banks 1982 Podicipediformes
Podicipedidae
Least Grebe ( Tachybaptus dominicus ) account
Least Grebe ( Tachybaptus dominicus ) bibliography
Pied-billed Grebe ( Podilymbus podiceps ) account
Pied-billed Grebe ( Podilymbus podiceps ) bibliography
Horned Grebe ( Podiceps auritus ) account
Horned Grebe ( Podice auritus ) bibliography
Red-necked Grebe ( Podiceps grisegena ) account
Red-necked Grebe ( Podiceps grisegena ) bibliography
Eared Grebe ( Podiceps nigricollis ) account
Eared Grebe ( Podiceps nigricollis ) bibliography
Western Grebe ( Aechmophorus occidentalis ) account
[ SP:Achichilique ]
Western Grebe ( Aechmophorus occidentalis ) bibliography
 
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,W.A.Hoffman and R.C.Banks 1982 Procellariiformes
Diomedeidae
Black-browed Albatross ( Diomedea melanophrys ) account
Black-browed Albatross ( Diomedea melanophrys)bibliography
Yellow-nosed Albatrss ( Diomedea chrysostoma ) account
Yellow-nosed Albatross ( Diomedea chrysostoma ) bibliography
 
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,W.A.Hoffman and R.C.Banks 1982 Procellariidae
Northern Fulmar ( Fulmarus glacialis ) account
Northern Fulmar ( Fulmarus glacialis ) bibliography
Trindade Petrel ( Pterodroma arminjoniana ) account
[EN/US: Trinidad Petrel, South Trinidad Petrel, Herald Petrel (1)]
Trindade Petrel ( Pterodroma arminjoniana ) bibliography
Cahow ( Pterodroma cahow ) account
[US: Bermuda Petrel]
Cahow ( Pterodroma cahow )bibliography
Black-capped Petrel ( Pterodroma hasitata ) account
Black-capped Petrel ( Pterodroma hasitata ) bibliography
Bulwer's Petrel ( Bulweria bulwerii ) account
Bulwer's Petrel ( Bulweria bulwerii ) bibliography
Cory's Shearwater ( Calonectris diomedea ) account
Cory's Shearwater ( Calonectris diomedea ) bibliography
 
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,W.A.Hoffman and R.C.Banks 1982 Greater Shearwater ( Puffinus gravis ) account
Greater Shearwater ( Puffinus gravis ) bibliography
Sooty Shearwater ( Puffinus griseus ) account
Sooty Shearwater ( Puffinus griseus ) bibliography
Manx Shearwater ( Puffinus puffinus ) account
Manx Shearwater ( Puffinus puffinus ) bibliography
Audubon's Shearwater ( Puffinus lherminieri ) account
Audubon's Shearwater ( Puffinus lherminieri ) bibliography
Little Shearwater ( Puffinus assimilis ) account
Little Shearwater ( Puffinus assimilis ) bibliography
 
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,W.A.Hoffman and R.C.Banks 1982 Hydrobatidae
Wilson's Storm-Petrel ( Oceanites oceanicus ) account
Wilson's Storm-Petrel ( Oceanites oceanicus ) bibliography
White-faced Storm-Petrel ( Pelagodroma marina ) account
White-faced Storm-Petrel ( Pelagodroma marina ) bibliography
Harcourt's Storm-Petrel ( Oceanodroma castro ) account
Harcourt's Storm-Petrel ( Oceanodroma castro ) bibliography
Leach's Storm-Petrel ( Oceanodroma leucorhoa ) account
Leach's Storm-Petrel ( Oceanodroma leucorhoa ) bibliography
 
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,W.A.Hoffman and R.C.Banks 1982 Pelecaniformes
Phaethontidae
Red-billed Tropicbird ( Phaethon aethereus ) account
Red-billed Tropicbird ( Phaethon aethereus ) bibliography
White-tailed Tropicbird ( Phaethon lepturus ) account
White-tailed Tropicbird ( Phaethon lepturus ) bibliography
 
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,W.A.Hoffman and R.C.Banks 1982 Fregatidae
Magnificent Frigatebird ( Fregata magnificens ) account
Magnificent Frigatebird ( Fregata magnificens ) bibliography
 
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,W.A.Hoffman and R.C.Banks 1982 Phalacrocoracidae
Great Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax carbo ) account
Great Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax carbo ) bibliography
Double-crested Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax auritus ) account
Double-crested Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax auritus ) bibliography
[SP: Cuervo marino, US: Florida Cormorant]
Olivaceous Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax olivaceus ) account
Olivaceous Cormorant ( Phalacrocorax olivaceus ) bibliography
 
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,W.A.Hoffman and R.C.Banks 1982 Sulidae
Northern Gannet ( Sula bassana ) account
Northern Gannet ( Sula bassana ) bibliography
Blue-footed Booby ( Sula nebouxii ) account
[SP: Bubia pies azules, Camanay]
Blue-footed Booby ( Sula nebouxii ) bibliography
Blue-faced Booby ( Sula dactylatra ) account
Blue-faced Booby ( Sula dactylatra ) bibliography
Red-footed Booby ( Sula sula ) account
[RU: (Red-leggd Gannet), SP: Bbia pies rojos]
Red-footed Booby ( Sula sula ) bibliography
Brown Booby (Sula leucogaster ) account
Brown Booby (Sula leucogaster ) bibliography
 
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,W.A.Hoffman and R.C.Banks 1982 Pelecanidae
American White Pelican ( Pelecanus erythrorhynchos ) account
American White Pelican ( Pelecanus erythrorhynchos ) bibliography
[SP: Alcatraz blanco]
Brown Pelican ( Pelecanus occidentalis ) account
[SP: Alcatraz, Alcatraz moreno]
Brown Pelican ( Pelecanus occidentalis ) bibliography
 
Clapp,R.B.,D.Morgan-Jacobs,W.A.Hoffman and R.C.Banks 1982 Literature Cited  
Clark, N.A., P.F.Donald, T.M.Mawdesley, and R.J.Waters 1990 The impact of the Mersey oil spill of August 1989 on the populations and distributions of waterfowl. Foreword ( by Professor A.Bradshaw ) Contents  
Clark, N.A., P.F.Donald, T.M.Mawdesley, and R.J.Waters 1990 The impact of the Mersey oil spill of August 1989 on the populations and distributions of waterfowl. Foreword ( by Professor A.Bradshaw ) Contents  
Clark, N.A., P.F.Donald, T.M.Mawdesley, and R.J.Waters 1990 Executive Summary  
Clark, N.A., P.F.Donald, T.M.Mawdesley, and R.J.Waters 1990 List of Tables List of Figures  
Clark, N.A., P.F.Donald, T.M.Mawdesley, and R.J.Waters 1990 General Introduction Methods  
Clark, N.A., P.F.Donald, T.M.Mawdesley, and R.J.Waters 1990 Results and Conclusions  
Clark, N.A., P.F.Donald, T.M.Mawdesley, and R.J.Waters 1990 Discussion  
Clark, N.A., P.F.Donald, T.M.Mawdesley, and R.J.Waters 1990 References Acknowledgements  
Clark, N.A., P.F.Donald, T.M.Mawdesley, and R.J.Waters 1990 Tables  
Clark, N.A., P.F.Donald, T.M.Mawdesley, and R.J.Waters 1990 Figures  
Clark, N.A., P.F.Donald, T.M.Mawdesley, and R.J.Waters 1990 Appendix 1 ( Example of completed count sheet ) Appendix 2 ( Extent of oiling )  
Clark, R. B. 1978 Oiled seabird rescue and conservation.  
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (1) Ainley, D. G., Grau, C. R., Roudybush, T. E., Morrell, S. H. & Utts, J. M. (1981). Petroleum ingestion reduces reproduction in Cassin's Auklets. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 12, 314-317. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (2) Albers, P. H. (1977). Effects of external applications of fuel oil on hatchability of mallard eggs. In Fate and effects of petroleum hydrocarbons in marine ecosystems and organisms, ed. By D.A. Wolfe, 158-63.New York, Pergamon Press. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (3) Albers, P. H. (1978). Effects of petroleum on different stages of incubation in bird eggs. Bull. Envir. Contam. & Toxicol., 19, 624-630. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (4) Bergmann, G. (1961). The migrating populations of long-tailed duck (Clangula hyemalis) and common scoter (Melanitta nigra) in the spring, 1960. Suom. Riista, 14, 69-74. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (5) Birkhead, T. R., Lloyd, C. & Corkhill, P. (1973). Oil seabirds successfully cleaning their plumage. Brit. Birds, 66, 535-7. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (6) Bourne, W. R. P. (1971). Atlantic puffin decline. Smithson. Instn Center for Short]Lived Phenomena Ann.Rep., 83-71. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (7) Bourne, W. R. P. (1976). Seabirds and pollution. In Marine pollution, ed. By R. Johnston, 403-502. London, Academic Press.
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (8) Bourne, W. R. P. & Bibby, C. J. (1975) Temperature and the seasonal and geographical occurrence of oiled birds on west European beaches. Mar. Pollut. Bull., 6, 77-80.
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (9) Brown, R. G. B. (1982). Birds, oil and the Canadian environment. In Oil and dispersants in Canadian seas-Research appraisal and recommendations, ed. By J. B. Sprague, J. H. Vandermeulen and P. G. Wells, 105-12. Environment Canada, Environmental Protection Service Report. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (10) Buck, W. F. A. & Harrison, J. (1967). Some prolonged effects of oil pollution on the Medway estuary. Ann. Rep. Wildfowlers Ass. GB, Ireland, 1966-67, 32-3. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (11) Burton, J. (1981). Half north, half south: Britain's rich wildlife. New Scient., 90, 16-18. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (12) Butler, R. G., Lukasiewicz, P., Trivelpiece, W. & Kinter, W. B. (1979). Field studies of crude oil toxicity in seabirds. Bull. Mt Desert Isl.Biol. Lab. 18, 21-23. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (13) Clark, R. B. (1969). Oil pollution and the conservation of seabirds. Proc. Int. Conf. Oil Pollution of the Sea, Rome, 1968, 76-112. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (14) Clark, R. B. (1978). Oiled seabird rescue and conservation. J. Fish. Res. Bd Can., 35, 675-8. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (15) Clark, R. B. & Gregory, K. G. (1971). Feather wetting in cleaned birds. Mar. Pollut. Bull., 2, 78-9.
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (16) Clark, R. B. & Kennedy, J. R. (1971). How oiled seabirds are cleaned. Research Unit on the Rehabilitation of Oiled Seabirds, Department of Zoology, University of Newcastle upon Tyne. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (17) Coon, N. C., Albers, P. H. & Szaro, R. C. (1979). No. 2 fuel oil decreases embryonic survival of Great Black]backed Gulls. Bull. Environ. Contam. & Toxicol., 21, 152-156. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (18) Crisp, D. J. & Southward, A. J. (1958). The distribution of intertidal organisms along the coasts of the English Channel. J. mar. biol. Ass. UK, 37, 157-208. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (19) Crocker, A. D., Cronshaw, J. & Holmes, W. N. (1974). The effect of a crude oil on intestinal absorption in ducklings (Anas platyrhynchos). Environ. Pollut., 7,165-177. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (20) Crocker, A. D.,Cronshaw, J. & Holmes, W. N.(1975). The effect of several crude oils and some petroleum distillation fractions on intestinal absorption in ducklings, Anas platyrhynchos. Environ. Physiol. Biochem., 5, 92-106. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (21) Croxall, J. P. (1977). The effects of oil on seabirds. Rapp. P.-v. R?un. Cons. Perm. Int. Explor. Mer., 171, 191-195. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (22) Croxall, J. P. & Prince, P. (1980). Food, feeding ecology and ecological segregation of seabirds of South Georgia. Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 14, 103-31. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (23) Duncombe, F. & Reille, A. (1980). Exp?rience detransplantation de macareau. Courrier de la Nature, 1980, 13-17. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (24) Dunnet, G. M. (1982). Oilpollution and seabird populations. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond., B297, 413-27. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (25) FAO (1976a). Guidelines for the use of biological accumulators in marine pollution monitoring. Part 2 of the Manual of ethods in Environmental Research. FAO Fish. Biol. Tech. Pap., 150. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (26) FAO (1976b). Indices for measuring responses of aquatic ecological systems to various human influences. FAO Fish. Biol. Tech. Pap., 151. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (27) FAO (1977). Bases for selecting biological tests zo evaluate marine pollution. Part 4 of the Manual of Methods in Aquatic Environmental Research. FAO Fish. Biol. Tech. Pap., 164. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (28) Flegg, J. J. M. (1972). The puffin on St. Kilda, 1969-71. Bird Study, 19, 7-17. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (29) Frost, P. G. H., Siegfried, W. R. & Cooper, J. (1976). Conservation of the Jackass Penguin (Spheniscus demersus (L.)). Bird Conserv., 9, 79-99. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (30) GESAMP (1977). Impact of oil on the marine environment. IMCO/FAO/ UNESCO/ WMO/WHO/ IAEA/UN Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Pollution (GESAMP). Rep. Stud. GESAMP, No. 6. Rome,FAO. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (31) GESAMP (1980). Monitoring biological variables related to marine polution. IMCO/FAO/ UNESCO/ WMO/WHO/ IAEA/UN/unep Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Pollution (GESAMP). Rep. Stud. GESAMP, No. 11. Paris. UNESCO. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (32) Gorman, M. L. and Simms, C. E. (1978). Lack of effect of ingested Forties Field crude oil on avian growth. Mar. Pollut. Bull., 9, 273-6. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (33) Grau, C. R., Roudybush, T., Dobbs, J. & Wathen, J. (1977). Altered yolk structure and reduced hatchability of eggs from birds fed single doses of petroleum oils. Science, N.Y., 195. 779-781. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (34) Greenwood, J. J. D., Donally, R. J., Feare, C. J., Gordon, Nancy J. & Waterson, G. (1971). A massive wreck of oiled birds: Northeast Britain, winter 1970. Scott. Birds, 6, 235-50. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (35) Harris, M. P. (1976). Inter]colonial movements of Farne Island puffins. Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Northumberland, 42, 115-18. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (36) Harris, M. P. & Murray, S. (1981). Monitoring of puffin numbers at Scottish colonies. Bird Study, 28, 15-20. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (37) Harrison, J. (1967). Oil pollution fiasco in the Medway estuary. Birds, 1, 134-6. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (38) Hartung, R. (1965). Some effects of oiling on reproduction of ducks. J. Wildl.Mgmt, 29, 872-4. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (39) Hartung, R. (1967). Energy metabolism in oil]covered ducks. J. Wildl. Mgmt, 31, 798-804. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (40) Holmes, W. N. & Cronshaw, J. (1977). Biological effects of petroleum on marine birds. In Effects of Petroleum on arctic and Subarctic marine environments and organisms, ed. by D. C. Malins Vol. 2, 359-398. New York, Academic Press. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (41) Hope Jones, P., Monnat Y.]Y., Cadbury, C. J. & Stowe, T. J. (1978). Birds oiled during the Amoco Cadiz incident - an interim report. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 9, 307-310. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (42) ICES (1978). The feasibility of effects monitoring. Coop. Res. Rep., 75. Charlottenlund, Denmark, Intern. Counc. Explor. Sea. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (43) Kennedy, R. J. (1970). Directional water]shedding properties of feathers. Nature, Lond., 227, 736-7. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (44) Kennedy, R. J. (1972). Factors determining the water]repellency of birds' plumage. Thesis,University of Newcastle upon Tyne. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (45) Koski, W. R. & Richardson, W. J. (1976). Review of waterbird deterrent and dispersal systems for oil spills. Pet. Assoc. Conserv. Can. Environ., Ottawa, PACE Rep. No. 76-6. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (46) Kress, S. W. (1977). Establishing Atlantic puffins at a former breeding site. In Endangered birds. Management techniques for preserving threa tened species, ed. By S. A. Temples, 373-7. Madison, University of Wisconsin Press. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (47) Kress, S. W. (1980). Egg Rock update. Newsl. Fratercula Fund, Nat. Audubon Soc., 1980 Rep. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (48) Larsson, K. & Odham, G. (1970). Larodan for cleaning oiled seabirds. Mar. Pollut. Bull., 1, 122-4. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (49) Lemmetyinen, R. (1966). Damage to waterfowl in the Baltic area caused by waste oil. Suom. Riista, 19, 63-71(in Finnish with English summary.). .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (50) Leppakoski, E. (1973). Effects of an oil spill in the Northern Baltic. Mar. Pollut. Bull., 4, 93-4. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (51) Leslic, F. H. (1966). The intrinsic rate of increase and overlap of successive generations in a population of guillemots (Uria aalge Pont.). J. anim. Ecol., 35, 291-310. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (52) Lundberg, S. (1957). Oversikt over Sverigs daggdjurs-och fagelfauna 1956. Sv. Nat. Arsb., 1957, 157-73. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (53) McEwan, E. H. (1978). The effect of crude oils on salt gland sodium secretion of orally imposed salt loads in glaucous]winged gulls, Larus glaucescens. Can. J. Zool., 56, 1212-13. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (54) Mead, C. & Baillie, S. (1981). Seabirds and oil: the worst winter. Nature, Lond., 292, 10-11. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (55) Miller, G. J. & Cnnell, D. W. (1980). Occurrence of petroleum hydrocarbons in some Australian seabirds. Aust. Wildl. Res., 7, 281-93. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (56) Miller, D. A., Kahn, J., Shaeen, E., Peakall, D. B. & Kinter, W. B. (1978a). Effecs of ingestion of a weathered crude oil on immature black guillemots, Cepphus grylle, and herring gulls, Larus argentatus. Bull. Mt Desert Is. Biol. Lab., 17, 40-2. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (57) Miller, D. S., Peakall, D. B. & Kinter, W. B. (1978b). Ingestion of crude oil: sublethal effects in herring gull chicks. Science, N.Y., 199, 315-17. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (58) Mills, S. (1981). Graveard of the puffin. New Scient., 91, 10-13. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (59) Naviaux, J. L. (1971). Aftercare of oil-covered birds. Pleasant Hill, California, National Wildlife Health Foundation. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (60) NERC (1971). The Sea bird wreck in the Irish Sea, autumn 1969. NERC Publications Series C, No. 4.Natural Environment Research Councul, London. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (61) NERC (1977). Report of a working group on ecological research on seabirds. NERC Publ. Ser. C, No. 18. London, Natural Environment Research Council. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (62) Nettleship, D. N. (1977). Seabird resources of eastern Canada: status, problems and prospects, pp. 96-108. In Mosquin and Suchal (eds). Canada's Threatened Species and Habitats. Canadian Nature Federation Spec. Publ. No. 6, Ottawa. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (63) Palmer, R. S. (1949). Maine birds. Cambridge, Mass., Museum of Comparative Zoology. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (64) Randall, R. M., Randall, B. M. & Bevan, J. (1980). Oil pollution and penguins-Is cleaning justified? Mar. Pollut. Bull., 11, 234-237. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (65) RCEP (1981). Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution, Eighth Report, Marine oil pollution. London, HMSO. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (66) Rowan, M. K. (1969). Oiling of marine birds in South Africa. Proc. Int. Conf. Oil Pollution of the Sea, Rome, 1968, 121-4 .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (67) RSPB (1979). Marine oil pollution and birds. Sandy, Royal Society for the Protection of Birds. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (68) RUROS (1972a). Second Annual Report of the Advisory Committee on Oil Pollution of the Sea Research Unit on the Rehabilitation of Oiled Seabirds. Zoology Department, University of Newcastle upon Tyne. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (69) RUROS (1972b). Recommended treatment of oiled seabirds. Research Unit on the Rehabilitation of Oiled Seabirds. University of Newcastle upon Tyne. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (70) Szaro, R. C. (1977). Effects of petroleum on birds. Proc.42nd North Am. Wildl. Nat. Resour. Conf. pp. 374-381. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (71) Szaro, R. C. & Albers, P. H. (1977). Effects of external applications of No.2 fuel oil on common eider eggs. In Fate and effects of petroleum hydrocarbons in marine ecosystems and organisms, D. A. Wolfe (ed.), pp. 164-167. New York, Pergamon Press. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (72) Tanis, J. J. C. & M?rzer]Bruyns, M. F. (1968). The impact of oil pollution on seabirds in Europe.In Proc. int. Conf. Oil. Pollution of the Sea, Rome, 1968, 67-74. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (73) Tuck, L. M. (1961). The murres. Canadian Wildlife Service Monograph No. 1. Queen's Printer, Ottawa. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (75) White, D. H., King, K. A., and Coon, N. C. (1979). Effects of No.2 fuel oil on hatchability of marine and estuarine bird eggs. Bull. environ. Contam. & Toxicol. 21, 7-10. .
Clark, R. B. 1984 Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. (76) Wootton, T. A. Grau, C. R., Roudybush, T. E., Hahs, M. E. & Hirsch, K. V. (1979). Reproductive responses of quail to bunker C fractions. Arch. Environ. Contam. & Toxicol., 8, 457-63. .
Clark, W. S., E. Gorney 1987 Oil contamination of raptors migating along the Red Sea.  
Clotuche, E., and P.Schaeken 1982 L'accident petrolier survenu en Basse-Meuse liegeoise en 1981 et son impact sur l'avifaune.  
Cohen A. Gagnon MM, Nugegoda D. 2005 Alterations of metabolic enzymes in Australian bass, Macquaria novemaculeata, after exposure to petroleum hydrocarbons.  
Collins, C.M., C.H.Racine, and M.E.Walsh 1994 The physical, chemical, and biological effects of crude oil spills after 15 years on a black spruce forest, interior Alaska.  
Commander John J.Davin,Jr., John A.Witte,Jr. 1997 Cleveco Underwater Oil Recovery:Removing a 50-Year-Old Threat  
Commecy, X., E. Mercier 1986 La mortalite des oiseaux de la Baie de Somme et de la Cote Picarde.  
Coon, N. C., P. H. Albers, and R. C. Szaro 1979 No.2 fuel oil decrease embryonic survival of great black backed gulls.  
Cooper, J. 1978 Effect of oiling from the Pantelis a Lemos on seabirds.  
Costa, D.P., and G.L.Kooyman 1982 Oxygen consumption, thermoregulation, and the effect of fur oiling and washing on the sea otter, Enhydra lutris.  
Coulson, J. C., G. R. Potts, I. R. Deans, and S. M. Fraser 1968 Exceptional mortality of shags and other seabirds caused by paralytic shellfish poison. (1) Banner, A. H. (1967): 'Poisonous marine animals, a synopsis'. J. Forensic Sci., 12: 180-192.
Brongersma-Sanders, M. (1957): 'Mass mortality in the sea'. In 'Treatise on marine ecology and paleoecology'. Mem. Geol. Soc. Amer., 67: 941-1010.
Buchanan, J. B., Longbottom, M. R. (1968): Paper on distribution of Gonyaulax off the Northumberland coast. Nature, in press.
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