Definition of Sato-umi

Sato-umi is a coastal area where biological productivity and biodiversity has increased through human interaction.

In Japanese, "SATO" means the area where people live, and "UMI" means the sea.
Sato-umi is an important sea-area which has been supporting culture and cultural exchanges through such things as fisheries and the distribution of products. It is an area which includes both Nature and human-beings, as well as an area in which both high biological productivity and biodiversity are expected. Healthy Sato-umi provides numerous blessings: when the material circulation function is appropriately maintained, when integrated and comprehensive management of the land and coastal area is performed, and when the rich and diversified ecosystem and natural environment are conserved. This 'preferable coastal area environment' must be maintained with the cooperation of more people in order to accede this precious environment to future generations.

Definition of Sato-umi image

Human Efforts to Maintain Ocean Environments
Nature and human beings interact with one another in various ways, and the manner in which human beings interact with nature may result either in its preservation or its destruction. For this reason, the way in which we attempt to maintain the natural environment is extremely important.
Pollutants discharged from industrial activities and the households of people living on land degrade water quality and reduce the seaweed beds, tidal flats and other areas that play an important role in water purification and also provide habitat environments for marine organisms. In response to these problems as well as the problems of increased marine litter, reduced ocean biodiversity, reduced biological populations and so on, human efforts such as reducing the pollutants that flow into the ocean from land areas, building seaweed beds and tidal flats, cleaning up coastal areas and so on can halt the?degradation of ocean environments, helping to make them good environments once more and create oceans of abundance. Another way for human beings to exercise appropriate management is to intentionally do nothing for specific ocean regions, for example by establishing "no fishing" zones, in order to keep ocean environments close to their wild state and protect ocean ecosystems. It is essential to seek ways for human beings to interact with the oceans that are appropriate for the ocean environment in each region, and to maintain this interaction on an ongoing basis.
Five Elements That Constitute and Nurture Sato-umi
Sato-umi creation consists of five elements. Three of these elements (substance circulation, ecosystems, contact with people) support the preservation and regeneration of ocean regions. The other two (activity spheres, entities that perform activities) support practical activities to create Sato-umi. Sato-umi are both made up of and nurtured by these five elements. Moreover, diverse Sato-umi creation activities that are tailored to each ocean region are formed by the balance of these five elements.
Biodiversity odiversity,three elements that support preservation and restoration:substance circukation,contact,ecosystem;Sustainability,two elements that support hands-on action:activity spheres, entities that perform activities;

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