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BOOKLET to Provide Basic Information Regarding Health Effects of Radiation (3rd edition)

Thyroid Ultrasound Examination: Nodules

Thyroid Ultrasound Examination: Nodules_Figure

A nodule, which might also be called a lump, is a thyroid cell with irregular density. Some nodules are malignant, but most are benign.

It has been known that thyroid cancer is often latent, presenting no symptoms or health effects over a lifetime. Thus, detecting all cancers and forcing patients to receive treatment may be sometimes rather disadvantageous, so a detailed examination, such as cytological testing, is not generally conducted for small nodules. In the Thyroid Ultrasound Examination conducted through the Fukushima Health Management Survey, the Confirmatory Examination is not performed for nodules of 5 mm or smaller; instead, the next regularly scheduled ultrasound examination (Primary Examination) is to be conducted.

In some cases, a person once diagnosed as Grade A1 is diagnosed as Grade A2 or Grade B in the next examination, or conversely, a person once diagnosed as Grade A2 is subsequently diagnosed as Grade A1.

  • Included in this reference material on March 31, 2013
  • Updated on March 31, 2021
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