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Efforts in Various Areas

Water / Soil / Ground Environment

Ministry of the Environment implements comprehensive policy measures directed toward conservation of the water environment in developing regions based on a holistic approach for entire river basins as well as measures related to soil contamination prevention, safety assessment of agricultural chemicals and restoration of soil and the ground environment from the perspective of not passing on to future generations soil and groundwater contaminated by hazardous substances.
The table below presents some major examples of such cooperation projects.

Name of Measures (Budgets) Water Environment Partnership in Asia (WEPA)
Outline WEPA is an activity proposed by the Ministry of the Environment of Japan at the Third World Water Forum held in Kyoto in 2003 aiming to improve the serious water environment issues facing Asia.

With cooperation from 13 partner countries in the region, WEPA focuses on strengthening governance of water environment in Asia, through creating networks, collecting and sharing information and building capacity of related stakeholders.
Countries/Regions
subject to the
measures
Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Japan, Republic of Korea, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Vietnam (WEPA partner countries)
Division in charge Water Environment Division
Relevant websiteWater Environment Partnership in Asia (WEPA) [New window opens]
Last updated November, 2015
Name of Measures (Budgets) Model Project for Improvement of Water Environment in Asia
Outline To promote and support overseas development (in the Asia-Pacific region) of excellent water treatment technology held by water-related companies in Japan, this project carried out feasibility studies and field studies for the implementation of household and industrial waste water disposal using treatment technologies of private companies selected in an open call. The project aims at constructing actual business models, and looking into effective support for business development. As of FY 2016, 19 projects have been adopted.
Countries/Regions
subject to the
measures
Asia and Oceania
Division in charge Water Environment Division
Relevant websiteWater Environment Improvement Model Project in Asia [New window opens]
Last updated March, 2017
Name of Measures (Budgets) Sino-Japan Cooperation on Water Environment
Outline Based on the Joint Statement on the Further Enhancement of Cooperation for Environmental Protection (April 2007), policy support projects are carried out to reduce water pollution in China.
Countries/Regions
subject to the
measures
China
Progress and achievements Based on the Sino-Japan Cooperation Model Project in the Field of Decentralized Sewage Treatment (Model Project) established in May 2008, model projects in decentralized sewage treatment have been carried out in six regions in rural China. In addition, under the 12th 5-year plan, ammonia nitrogen was designated as a pollutant for total pollutant load reduction and , the Environmental Ministers of China and Japan signed a Memorandum of Understanding on Model Projects of Total Pollutant Load Reduction (Ammonia Nitrogen) in April 2011. Based on these memorandums, model projects were implemented in three regions in rural China to develop waste water technology to respond to each local situation.

Based on a memorandum between the Director-Generals of China and Japan, joint research on the improvement of livestock waste water treatment has been conducted since April 2015.
Division in charge Water Environment Division
Relevant website Sino-Japan Cooperation on Water Environment [PDF 3,555KB]
Last updated November, 2015
Name of Measures (Budgets) Promotion of Co-benefits Approach
Outline A co-benefits approach aims to achieve environmental pollution control and climate change measures simultaneously. The concept was incorporated into the Declaration of the G8 Hokkaido Toyako Summit in 2008 and is increasingly recognized internationally. The Hatoyama Initiative [New window opens]PDF (181KB) [New window opens] emphasized that the relevance of a co-benefits approach should be fully considered when extending support to mitigation actions of developing countries. The Ministry of the Environment is engaged in bilateral and multilateral cooperation as well as the development of an evaluation methodology.
Countries/Regions
subject to the
measures
China, Mongolia and Indonesia
Progress and achievements 1. Bilateral cooperation
  • Joint research and studies for model projects are underway with China and Indonesia, following the respective ministerial agreements in 2007. Continuous cooperation for a co-benefits approach were agreed between Japan and China in April 2011, and between Japan and Indonesia in July 2015. Capacity building, feasibility study for mitigating air pollution and GHG reduction have been conducted in China. In Indonesia, capacity building and studies including demonstration for the co-benefits type waste water treatment have been conducted.
  • In Mongolia, demonstration project for improving air pollution and GHG reduction have been conducted with capacity building since 2014.

2. Multilateral cooperation

  • The “Asian Co-benefits Partnership” was launched in November 2010, at the “Better Air Quality 2010 (BAQ2010)” conference in Singapore. The objective of the partnership is to mainstream a co-benefits approach and promote co-benefits type projects in Asia. The partnership has regular conferences, provides information by their website and publishes the “Co-benefits white paper” for further promotion of a co-benefits approach.
  • Support to the research project to improve capacity building for policy-making and implementation in Asian developing countries, promoting wastewater management and water quality conservation policies considering low carbonization, by providing necessary information and policy evaluation methods.

3. Development of evaluation methodology

  • A Manual for Quantitative Evaluation of Co-Benefits Approach to Climate Change Projects was developed in FY 2009. Efforts are underway to disseminate the methodology for quantitative evaluation of the accompanying environmental control benefits (co-benefits) of CDM and other project implementations.
Division in charge International Cooperation Office, Environment Management Bureau
Relevant website -
Last updated March, 2018