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MOE > Global Environment > International Environmental Cooperation HOME > Efforts in Various Areas > Climate Change

Efforts in Various Areas

Climate Change

Ministry of Environment addresses climate change that causes economic and environmental impacts on developing regions.
The table below presents some major examples of such cooperation projects.For other cooperation projects, please see the List of Measures under Clean Asia Initiative (CAI).

Name of Measures (Budgets) Support Program Package For Co-benefits Approach In Developing Countries Under Kyoto Mechanisms
Outline This package is beneficial to the acquisition of Kyoto mechanism credits by Japanese government, and consists of policy measures for co-benefits in host countries including developing countries.
Progress and achievementsConduct feasibility studies for proposed CDM/JI project ideas
While considering the development of new methodologies, with the next-term framework in mind, CDM/JI Feasibility Studies invite CDM/JI project ideas including promotion of new energy from private entities. In FY2009, the program conducted 23 feasibility studies in their host countries including Asian developing countries. These results appear in the database at Reports of CDM/JI Feasibility Studieson the website of the Global Environment Centre Foundation (GEC).

Disseminate information to civilian project developers

Counseling and Support Activity Under Kyoto Mechanisms provides necessary information for Japan's related policy measures with CDM/JI project issues at Kyoto Mechanisms Information Platform website, a well-trafficked site browsed no less than 15,000 times per month in FY2009.

Promote development and creation of CDM/JI/GIS projects

CDM Capacity Building conducts intensive project developer-oriented training and tutorial sessions for CDM/JI/GIS field including capacity building program for DOEs through workshops for government officials or civilian project developers in collaborating countries including Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Philippines, Thailand, Ukraine and Viet Nam. In FY2009, this program held workshops and seminars for governmental officials and civilian project developers in abovementioned nations and assembly meeting for information exchange in this field in Kyoto. Also, this program submitted joint proposals for CDM institutional reform to UNFCCC secretariat office with Cambodian designated national agency (DNA). Additionally, capacity development in Cambodia, Indonesia, and Papua New Guinea at national and project level for Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD) was supported by this program.
Division in charge Office of Market Mechanisms, Global Environment Bureau
International Cooperation Office, Environmental Management Bureau
Relevant website
Last updated November, 2014
Name of Measures (Budgets) International Research Network for Low Carbon Societies (LCS-RNet)
Outline This is a network of researchers supporting scientific policy making, policymakers, business people and other related stakeholders. Through policy dialogues, various workshops and annual meetings, the network conducts close talks and shares knowledge on necessary core topics to bring about a low-carbon society, and by reflecting results into policies, aims to support the transition to a low-carbon and resilient society.
Progress and achievements

The International Research Network for Low Carbon Societies (LCS-RNet) was established when Japan, which chaired the G8 in 2008, advocated the necessity of activities to link policies and research, and participating countries agreed to this proposal. Activities began in 2009, with the Secretariat located in Japan (Institute for Global Environmental Strategies: IGES).

LCS-RNet is a research exchange network for countries around the world to share scientific knowledge needed to create a low-carbon society and to come up with new ideas to achieve this. At the same time, it supports timely policy implementation directly linking policy with research and provides a platform for dialogue between researchers and policy makers

LCS-RNet was approved at the G8 Environment Ministers Meeting held in Syracuse, Italy in April 2007, and it is expected that knowledge from the network will be reflected at the top level in environmental policies worldwide. The results will also be used as inputs in the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and related international institutions. Reseachers will use results from the network to contribute proactively to drafting low-carbon and green-growth strategies in their respective countries.

At the Fifth Annual Meeting held in July 2013, LCS-RNet proposed that further efforts should be made in impact formation for both domestic and international policies. The network set a target for a proposal to the 21st Session of the Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC and held discussions to this end at the Sixth Annual Meeting in October 2014. Through COP20 and also by holding the Seventh Annual Meeting at the beginning of fiscal 2015 in Paris, France, it was confirmed that the network would make concrete progress in the this process.

LCS-RNet completed its first phase in March 2014, and has now entered its second phase of work. On this occasion, there is an emerging necessity to study and prepare not only for maximum mitigation measures but also adaptation measures in the face of a crisis if mitigation not achieved, by integrating both policies from the perspective of climate risk. Based on this situation, LCS-RNet will aim to create a network that takes into account both mitigation and adaptation in its second phase
Division in charge Research and Information Office, Policy and Coordination Division, Global Environment Bureau
Relevant websiteInternational Research Network for Low Carbon Societies (LCS-RNet) [New window opens]
Last updated November, 2014
Name of Measures (Budgets) Promotion of Co-benefits Approach
(Same content posted on the Water/Soil/Ground Environment page)
Outline The co-benefits approach aims to achieve environmental control and climate change measures simultaneously. The concept was incorporated into the Declaration of the G8 Hokkaido Toyako Summit in 2008 and is increasingly recognized internationally. The Hatoyama Initiative [New window opens](12KB) on climate change emphasized that the relevance of a co-benefits approach should be fully considered when extending support to mitigation actions of developing countries. Ministry of the Environment is engaged mainly in bilateral and multilateral cooperation as well as the development of an evaluation methodology.
Progress and achievements 1. Bilateral cooperation
  • Joint research and identification of model projects are underway with China and Indonesia, following the respective 2007 ministerial agreements. Outcomes of the joint research with Chinese Government were presented at a side event of the COP15 in December 2009.
  • The Co-benefits CDM Model Project was launched in FY2008 in support of Japan-based companies engaged in CDM projects. Currently four CDM Model projects are in operation in Malaysia, Thailand and China.

2. Multilateral cooperation

  • An international seminar on the ''Promotion of Co-benefits Approach'' was held in Bangkok, Thailand in March 2010 with the participation of officials from the environmental ministries of Asian countries and international organizations.
  • The launch of an "Asian Co-benefits Partnership" was announced on November 9, at the "Better Air Quality 2010" conference held in Singapore. The objective of the partnership is to support the mainstreaming of co-benefits into sectoral development plans, policies and projects in Asia.
  • Integrate co-benefits approach into city planning in developing countries by developing methodology to measure effectiveness of co-benefits.

3. Development of evaluation methodology

  • A Manual for Quantitative Evaluation of Co-Benefits Approach to Climate Change Projects was developed in FY 2009. Efforts are underway to disseminate the methodology for quantitative evaluation of the accompanying environmental control benefits (co-benefits) of CDM and other project implementations.
Division in charge International Cooperation Office, Environment Management Bureau
Relevant website Co-benefits Approach [New window opens]
Last updated November, 2014