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Bilateral/Regional Cooperation

Japan-ASEAN Dialogue on Environmental Cooperation

At the 11th Japan-ASEAN Summit Meeting held in November 2007, the Government of Japan proposed the launch of the Japan-ASEAN Dialogue on Environmental Cooperation to promote environmental cooperation between Japan and ASEAN, and was welcomed by ASEAN countries. The first Japan-ASEAN Dialogue on Environmental Cooperation was held in Hanoi, Viet Nam in March 2008, and since then a total of 8 meetings have been held to discuss Japan-ASEAN environmental cooperation with ASEAN countries. Through these dialogues, Japan and ASEAN discussed environmental cooperation and currently projects in each area have been implemented.

The 40th anniversary of Japan-ASEAN friendship ties were commemorated in Surabaya, Indonesia on 26 September 2013, with the first ever Japan-ASEAN Ministerial Dialogue on Environmental Cooperation. Mr. Kozo Akino, Parliamentary Vice-Minister of the Environment, provided details about support policies that utilise the Joint Crediting Mechanism (JCM) to achieve "leapfrog" development in developing countries as a measure to create "environmentally sustainable cities (ESC)." In addition, Ms. Tri Rismaharini, Mayor of Surabaya, delivered a presentation on environmental cooperation between the cities of Kitakyushu and Surabaya, which focused on waste management, in particular. Representatives from each ASEAN country expressed their appreciation for Japan's cooperation and expectations for future cooperation.

The 9th Dialogue was held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia on 11 September 2015. The Dialogue referred to 2015 as the year of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development" and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP21), and participants discussed how each country could implement these international agreements from the following fiscal year.

Moreover, Japan reported the achievements of the first and the second year of the ASEAN Environmental Model Cities Programme, and suggested three targets as the direction of the third annual program: (1) environmental performance evaluation of cities based on common indicators; (2) editing and publication of teaching materials as reference for other cities; and (3) promotion of peer learning opportunities from cities with good environmental performance to other cities.

Furthermore, Japan has been providing support for low-carbon and sustainable development of cities through the Joint Crediting Mechanism (JCM) model projects by utilising city-to-city collaboration, as well as organising the High Level Seminar on Environmentally Sustainable Cities (HLS-ESC). Japan announced that it plans to support existing activities on cities from the perspectives of implementing the 2030 Agenda from the following fiscal year.

Year Venue Outline
First
Dialogue
(2008.3)
Hanoi
(Viet Nam)
Participating counties agreed to exchange discussions on review and improvement of the existing project and to prepare new proposals to be put forward in the next dialogue. It was recommended to take note of the availability and possibility of utilization of JAIF for future projects.

The Dialogue discussed the information provided by Japan on its environmental cooperation initiative entitled “Towards a Sustainable East Asia”, which was announced at the 3rd East Asia Summit (EAS) in Singapore in November 2007.

Second Dialogue (2008.9) Hanoi
(Viet Nam)

The dialogue agreed that the ASEAN-Japan Dialogue could be a useful forum to match the each interest of the ASEAN and Japan and thereby could facilitate the formulation of projects for consideration of JAIF.

apan gave a brief on Clean Asia Initiative (CAI) and proposed the List of the Potential Fields and Projects of Japan-ASEAN Cooperation based on this initiative.
Third
Dialogue
(2009.8)
Hua Hin
(Thailand)
Views were exchanged on environmental cooperation projects utilizing JAIF including those relevant to water resources, the Basel convention, environmentally sustainable cities in line with the theme of the EAS Environment Ministers Meeting, and environmental education for which preparations are proceeding within ASEAN.
The Dialogue discussed issues on promoting the exchange of opinions at the working level in order to utilize JAIF in a proactive and timely manner.
Forth
Dialogue
(2010.8)
Hanoi
(Viet Nam)
The Dialogue evaluated the projects such as the ASEAN Plus Three Youth Environment Forum held in April, 2010. The forum was supported by Japan and highly acknowledged by the dialogue as a project fully participated in by the ASEAN countries as well as Japan, China and Korea.
The Dialogue also discussed on the draft proposal on East Asia Eco Model Cities Programme, which is expected to be a JAIF funded project.
Fifth
Dialogue
(2011.9)
Bandar Seri Begawan
(Brunei Darussalam)
Participants evaluated projects including the Workshop on Water Demand Management Learning Forum for Irrigation which was held in Bangkok, Thailand on July 26-28, 2011. Views were also exchanged on ongoing projects such as the ASEAN Eco Model Cities Programme.
Discussions took place on enlarged and continued support Programmes through JAIF such as Taxonomic Capacity Building and Governance for Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity as well as the ASEAN Eco Model Cities Programme.
Sixth
Dialogue
(2012.8)
Siem Reap
(Cambodia)
Participants discussed on the outputs and the progress of the ASEAN Model City Program, which had been funded by JAIF, and on the ASEAN Eco-school awarding ceremony and the ASEAN's Biodiversity Capacity Building Program.
As the new projects, scaling-up the ASEAN's Biodiversity Capacity Building Program and the plan for the second year of the ASEAN Model City Program were discussed upon.
Seventh
Dialogue
(2013.8)
Jakarta
(Indonesia)
Presented reports and exchanged ideas on the achievements and progress of the ASEAN Model Cities Programme and the ASEAN Biodiversity Capacity Building Programme, which utilize JAIF.
Considered as new projects about the implementation of the ASEAN+3 Youth Environmental Forum and the ASEAN Heritage Park Development Programme.
Representatives from Japan gave presentations and exchanged ideas on further support for environmentally sustainable cities in order to achieve leapfrogging growth in ASEAN countries.
Ministerial
Dialogue
(2013.9)
Surabaya
(Indonesia)
Representatives from Japan provided details about support policies that utilize the Joint Crediting Mechanism (JCM) to achieve "leapfrog" development in developing countries as a measure to create "Environmentally Sustainable Cities (ESC)." Representatives from ASEAN countries expressed their appreciation for Japan's cooperation and remarked on their expectations for cooperation in the future.
Eighth
Dialogue
(2014.8)
Viangchan
(Lao PDR)
Presented reports and exchanged ideas on the achievements and progress of the ASEAN Model Cities Programme and the ASEAN Biodiversity Capacity Building Programme, which utilize JAIF.
Representatives from ASEAN countries expressed appreciation for the approval to use JAIF for the ASEAN Heritage Parks Development Programme as a new project.
Representatives from Japan introduced the "Regional EST (Environmentally Sustainable Transport) Forum in Asia," "Asia Pacific Adaptation Network (APAN)" and "Regional 3R Forum in Asia and the Pacific," and then encouraged each country to participate in these initiatives.
Ninth
Dialogue
(2015)
Kuala
Lumpur
(Malaysia)
Japan reported the achievements of the first and the second year of the ASEAN Environmental Model Cities Programme, and suggested three targets as the direction of the third annual program: (1) environmental performance evaluation of cities based on common indicators; (2) editing and publication of teaching materials as reference for other cities; and (3) providing peer learning opportunities from cities with good environmental performance to other cities.

Japan announced that it plans to support the existing activities on cities from the perspective of implementing the 2030 Agenda from the following fiscal year. Also, Japan proposed to further discuss with ASEAN and relevant countries regarding the details of this plan based on the current ESC activities.
Tenth
Dialogue
(2016.8)
Naypyidaw
(Myanmar)
Presented reports and exchanged ideas on the achievements and progress of the ASEAN Model Cities Programme and the ASEAN Biodiversity Capacity Building Programme, which utilize JAIF.
Japan reported the ongoing MINAS (MOYAI Initiative for Networking, Assessment and Strengthening) for the early conclusion and effective implementation of the Minamata Convention for developing countries in relation to the “Minamata Convention on Mercury.”