Promote low-carbon/low-pollution society
|Project Name||Support Program Package for Co-benefits Approach in Developing Countries under Kyoto Mechanisms (444KB)|
|Location||Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Thailand, Ukraine, Viet Nam (alphabetical order)|
|Project Background||“Kyoto Mechanisms” are the economical mechanisms based on the “Kyoto Protocol”, with
the aim of reducing greenhouse gases more flexibly, which was adopted at the third session
of the Conference of Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate
Change (UNFCCC COP 3) in 1997 in Kyoto, Japan.
The Protocol stipulates the reduction target of greenhouse gases for developed countries listed in Annex I of the UNFCCC. However, it is said that Japan and some other countries already have relatively high energy efficiency, and to achieve the target only within these countries is considered difficult. In addition, it is well recognized to be effective to place an effort on tasks in more susceptible countries to improvements in energy efficiency at a lower cost to reach reduction target. For these reasons, Annex I countries are allowed to invest in other countries to conduct reduction of greenhouse gases.
This system is known as the Kyoto Mechanisms, which are classified based on the target country and type of activities as the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), Joint Implementation (JI), and International Emissions Trading.
|Objectives||This project aims for governments to acquire Kyoto Mechanism Credits and to achieve “Co-benefits” (synergistic benefits) which prevents global warming as well as environmental pollution in developing countries.|
|Project Achievements||Conduct feasibility studies for proposed CDM/JI project ideas
While considering the development of new methodologies, with the next-term framework in mind, CDM/JI Feasibility Studies invite CDM/JI project ideas including promotion of new energy from private entities. In FY2009, the program conducted 23 feasibility studies in their host countries including Asian developing countries. These results appear in the database at Reports of CDM/JI Feasibility Studieson the website of the Global Environment Centre Foundation (GEC).
Disseminate information to civilian project developersCounseling and Support Activity Under Kyoto Mechanisms provides necessary information for Japan’s related policy measures with CDM/JI project issues at Kyoto Mechanisms Information Platform website, a well-trafficked site browsed no less than 15,000 times per month in FY2009.
Promote development and creation of CDM/JI/GIS projectsCDM Capacity Building conducts intensive project developer-oriented training and tutorial sessions for CDM/JI/GIS field including capacity building program for DOEs through workshops for government officials or civilian project developers in collaborating countries including Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Philippines, Thailand, Ukraine and Viet Nam. In FY2009, this program held workshops and seminars for governmental officials and civilian project developers in abovementioned nations and assembly meeting for information exchange in this field in Kyoto. Also, this program submitted joint proposals for CDM institutional reform to UNFCCC secretariat office with Cambodian designated national agency (DNA). Additionally, capacity development in Cambodia, Indonesia, and Papua New Guinea at national and project level for Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD) was supported by this program.
Co-benefits CDM Model Projects (Subsidiary Projects)The Government of Japan subsidizes half of the initial investment for the CDM Model Project leading to co-benefits, on the condition that 50% or above of the credits generated from the project are transferred to Japan. Currently, the projects are being conducted in Malaysia, Thailand, and China.
Landfill a project site (Malaysia)
|Project Partners||Global Environmental Centre Foundation(GEC)
Overseas Environmental Cooperation Center (OECC)
Institute for Global Environmental Strategies(IGES)