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  • State of Japan’s Environment at a Glance: Extinct and Endangered Species Listed in the Red Data Book

Nature & Parks

State of Japan’s Environment at a Glance:
Extinct and Endangered Species Listed in the Red Data Book

Extinct Species

  Scientific name English name
Mammals Canis lupus hodophilax Japanese wolf
Canis lupus hattai Ezo wolf
Zalophus californianus japonicus Japanese sea lion
Pteropus loochoensis Okinawa flying fox
(Okinawa fruit bat)
Pipistrellus sturdeei Bonin pipistrelle
Birds Nycticorax caledonicus crassirostris Rufous night heron
(Ogasawara island subspecies)
Tadorna cristata Crested shelduck
Poliolimnas cinereus brevipes White-browed crake
(Iwo islands sub-species)
Columba jouyi Ryukyu wood pigeon
Columba versicolor Bonin wood pigeon
Halcyon miyakoensis Miyako kingfisher
Dryocopus javensis richardsi White-bellied black woodpecker
(Far east subspecies)
Troglodytes troglodytes orii Wren
(Daito island subspecies)
Turdus terrestris Bonin island thrush
Cettia diphone restrictus Borodino bush warbler
(Daito islands subspecies)
Parus varius orii Varied tit
(Daito islands subspecies)
Apalopteron familiare familiare Bonin islands honeyeater
(Mukoshima islands subspecies)
Chaunoproctus ferreorostris Bonin islands grosbeak
Brackish-water or
fresh-water fishes
Oncorhynchus kawamurae  
Pungitius kaibarae  
Insects Ishikawatrechus intermedius  
Rakantrechus elegans  

Vulnerable Species

  Scientific name English name
Mammals Lutra nippon Japanese river otter
Felis euptilura Tsushima cat
Mayailurus iriomotensis Iriomote cat
Birds Diomedea albatrus Short-tailed albatross
Phalacrocorax urile Red-faced cormorant
Ciconia ciconia boyciana White stork
(East Asiatic subspecies)
Nipponia nippon Japanese crested ibis
Haliaeetus albicilla White-tailed sea-eagle
Buteo buteo toyoshimai Buzzard
(Ogasawara islands subuspecies)
Buteo buteo oshiroi Buzzard
(Daito islands subspecies)
Spizaetus nipalensis orientalis Hodgson's hawk eagle
(Japanese sub-species)
Aquila chrysaetos japonica Golden eagle
(Japanese subspecies)
Spilornis cheela perplexus Crested serpent eagle
(Ryukyu islands subspecies)
Lagopus mutus japonicus Ptarmigan
(Japanese subspecies)
Grus japonensis Japanese crane
(Red-crowned crane)
Rallus okinawae Okinawa rail
Scolopax mira Amami woodcock
Uria aalge inornata Guillemot, Common murre
(Japanese sub-species)
Lunda cirrhata Tufted puffin
Columba janthina stejnegeri Japanese wood pigeon
(Yaeyama islands subspecies)
Columba janthina nitens Japanese wood pigeon
(Ogasawara and Iwo islands subspecies)
Chalcophaps indica yamashinai Emerald dove
(Ryukyu islands subspecies)
Ketupa blakistoni blakistoni Blakiston's fish owl
(Japanese sub-species)
Sapheopipo noguchii Pryer's woodpecker
Dendrocopos Ieucotos owstoni White-backed woodpecker
(Amami-oshima subuspecies)
Picoides tridactylus inouyei Three-toed woodpecker
(Japanese sub-species)
Pitta brachyura nympha Fairy pitta
(East Asiatic subspecies)
Turdus dauma amami White's ground thrush
(Amami-oshima subspecies)
Apalopteron familiare hahasima Bonin islands honeyeater
(Hahajima islands subspecies)
Carduelis sinica kittlitzi Oriental greenfinch
(Ogasawara and Iwo island subspecies)
Reptiles Opisthotropis kikuzatoi Kikuzato's brook-snake, Kikuzato's stream snake
Amphibians Hynobius takedai Hokuriku salamander
Hynobius abei Abe's salamander
Brackish-water or fresh-water fishes Salvelinus japonicus  
Oncorhynchus ishikawai  
Oncorhynchus iwame  
Plecoglossus altivelis ryukyuensis  
Salanx ariakensis  
Neosalanx regani  
Aphyocypris chinensis  
Pseudorasbora pumila  
Acheilognathus longipinnis  
Rhodeus ocellatus smithii  
Rhodeus atremius suigensis  
Tanakia tanago  
Leptobotia curta  
Coreobagrus ichikawai  
Pseudobagrus  
Pungitius  
Insects/galois insect order Galloisiana notabilis  
Insects/dragontfy order Mortonagrion hirosei  
Libellula angelina  
Insects/stinkbug order Heterotrephes admorsus  
Asclepios shiranui  
Platypleura albivannata  
Insects/cnidarian order Cicindela bonina  
Chaetotrechiama procerus  
Rakantrechus lallum  
Rakantrechus mirabilis  
Awatrechus hygrobius  
Drypta fulveola  
Acilius kishii  
Dytiscus sharpi  
Quedius kiuchii  
Leptelmis gracilimus  
Cheirotonus jambar  
Macroplea mutica japana  
Insects/fly order Hydrotaea glabricula  
Insects/butterfly order Shijimia moorei  
Fabriciana nerippe  
Cymatophoropsis trimaculata  
Sinocharis korbae  
Inland or fresh-water shellfishes Ogasawarana metamorpha  
Ogasawarana yoshiwarana  
Ogasawarana hirasei  
Ogasawarana chichijimana  
Ogasawarana ogasawarana  
Ogasawarana discrepans  
Ogasawarana capsula  
Ogasawarana rex  
Ogasawarana nitida  
Ogasawarana habei  
Ogasawarana arata  
Nobuea kurodai  
Camptoceras terebra hirasei  
Colmenella rezvoji prashadi  
Mirus hachijoensis  
Neophaedusa spelaeonis  
Hirasea sinuosa  
Hirasea eutheca  
Hirasea insignis  
Hirasea hypolia  
Hirasea biconcava  
Hirasea diplomphalus  
Hirasea goniobasis  
Hirasea chichijimana  
Hirasea nesiotica  
Hirasea major  
Hirasea acutissima  
Hirasea
(Fametesta)operculina
 
Hirasea profundispira  
Hirasiella clara  
Euhadra nachicola  
Euhadra sadoensis  
Enhadra murayamai  
Euhadra scaevola mikawa  
Other invertebrate animals Compressalges nipponiae  
Epanerchodus acuticlivus  
Epanerchodus aster  
Cristatella mucedo  

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