Nature & Parks

State of Japan's Environment at a Glance: Extinct and Endangered Species Listed in the Red Data Book

Extinct Species

Scientific nameEnglish name
Mammals Canis lupus hodophilax Japanese wolf
Canis lupus hattai Ezo wolf
Zalophus californianus japonicus Japanese sea lion
Pteropus loochoensis Okinawa flying fox
(Okinawa fruit bat)
Pipistrellus sturdeei Bonin pipistrelle
Birds Nycticorax caledonicus crassirostris Rufous night heron
(Ogasawara island subspecies)
Tadorna cristata Crested shelduck
Poliolimnas cinereus brevipes White-browed crake
(Iwo islands sub-species)
Columba jouyi Ryukyu wood pigeon
Columba versicolor Bonin wood pigeon
Halcyon miyakoensis Miyako kingfisher
Dryocopus javensis richardsi White-bellied black woodpecker
(Far east subspecies)
Troglodytes troglodytes orii Wren
(Daito island subspecies)
Turdus terrestris Bonin island thrush
Cettia diphone restrictus Borodino bush warbler
(Daito islands subspecies)
Parus varius orii Varied tit
(Daito islands subspecies)
Apalopteron familiare familiare Bonin islands honeyeater
(Mukoshima islands subspecies)
Chaunoproctus ferreorostris Bonin islands grosbeak
Brackish-water or
fresh-water fishes
Oncorhynchus kawamurae
Pungitius kaibarae
Insects Ishikawatrechus intermedius
Rakantrechus elegans

Vulnerable Species

Scientific nameEnglish name
Mammals Lutra nippon Japanese river otter
Felis euptilura Tsushima cat
Mayailurus iriomotensis Iriomote cat
Birds Diomedea albatrus Short-tailed albatross
Phalacrocorax urile Red-faced cormorant
Ciconia ciconia boyciana White stork
(East Asiatic subspecies)
Nipponia nippon Japanese crested ibis
Haliaeetus albicilla White-tailed sea-eagle
Buteo buteo toyoshimai Buzzard
(Ogasawara islands subuspecies)
Buteo buteo oshiroi Buzzard
(Daito islands subspecies)
Spizaetus nipalensis orientalis Hodgson's hawk eagle
(Japanese sub-species)
Aquila chrysaetos japonica Golden eagle
(Japanese subspecies)
Spilornis cheela perplexus Crested serpent eagle
(Ryukyu islands subspecies)
Lagopus mutus japonicus Ptarmigan
(Japanese subspecies)
Grus japonensis Japanese crane
(Red-crowned crane)
Rallus okinawae Okinawa rail
Scolopax mira Amami woodcock
Uria aalge inornata Guillemot, Common murre
(Japanese sub-species)
Lunda cirrhata Tufted puffin
Columba janthina stejnegeri Japanese wood pigeon
(Yaeyama islands subspecies)
Columba janthina nitens Japanese wood pigeon
(Ogasawara and Iwo islands subspecies)
Chalcophaps indica yamashinai Emerald dove
(Ryukyu islands subspecies)
Ketupa blakistoni blakistoni Blakiston's fish owl
(Japanese sub-species)
Sapheopipo noguchii Pryer's woodpecker
Dendrocopos Ieucotos owstoni White-backed woodpecker
(Amami-oshima subuspecies)
Picoides tridactylus inouyei Three-toed woodpecker
(Japanese sub-species)
Pitta brachyura nympha Fairy pitta
(East Asiatic subspecies)
Turdus dauma amami White's ground thrush
(Amami-oshima subspecies)
Apalopteron familiare hahasima Bonin islands honeyeater
(Hahajima islands subspecies)
Carduelis sinica kittlitzi Oriental greenfinch
(Ogasawara and Iwo island subspecies)
Reptiles Opisthotropis kikuzatoi Kikuzato's brook-snake, Kikuzato's stream snake
Amphibians Hynobius takedai Hokuriku salamander
Hynobius abei Abe's salamander
Brackish-water or fresh-water fishes Salvelinus japonicus
Oncorhynchus ishikawai
Oncorhynchus iwame
Plecoglossus altivelis ryukyuensis
Salanx ariakensis
Neosalanx regani
Aphyocypris chinensis
Pseudorasbora pumila
Acheilognathus longipinnis
Rhodeus ocellatus smithii
Rhodeus atremius suigensis
Tanakia tanago
Leptobotia curta
Coreobagrus ichikawai
Pseudobagrus
Pungitius
Insects/galois insect order Galloisiana notabilis
Insects/dragontfy order Mortonagrion hirosei
Libellula angelina
Insects/stinkbug order Heterotrephes admorsus
Asclepios shiranui
Platypleura albivannata
Insects/cnidarian order Cicindela bonina
Chaetotrechiama procerus
Rakantrechus lallum
Rakantrechus mirabilis
Awatrechus hygrobius
Drypta fulveola
Acilius kishii
Dytiscus sharpi
Quedius kiuchii
Leptelmis gracilimus
Cheirotonus jambar
Macroplea mutica japana
Insects/fly order Hydrotaea glabricula
Insects/butterfly order Shijimia moorei
Fabriciana nerippe
Cymatophoropsis trimaculata
Sinocharis korbae
Inland or fresh-water shellfishes Ogasawarana metamorpha
Ogasawarana yoshiwarana
Ogasawarana hirasei
Ogasawarana chichijimana
Ogasawarana ogasawarana
Ogasawarana discrepans
Ogasawarana capsula
Ogasawarana rex
Ogasawarana nitida
Ogasawarana habei
Ogasawarana arata
Nobuea kurodai
Camptoceras terebra hirasei
Colmenella rezvoji prashadi
Mirus hachijoensis
Neophaedusa spelaeonis
Hirasea sinuosa
Hirasea eutheca
Hirasea insignis
Hirasea hypolia
Hirasea biconcava
Hirasea diplomphalus
Hirasea goniobasis
Hirasea chichijimana
Hirasea nesiotica
Hirasea major
Hirasea acutissima
Hirasea
(Fametesta)operculina
Hirasea profundispira
Hirasiella clara
Euhadra nachicola
Euhadra sadoensis
Enhadra murayamai
Euhadra scaevola mikawa
Other invertebrate animals Compressalges nipponiae
Epanerchodus acuticlivus
Epanerchodus aster
Cristatella mucedo
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