Laws :Water & Soil & Ground Environment

Water Pollution Control Law_Chapter II-2

Chapter II
2.PROMOTION OF MEASURES FOR DOMESTIC WASTEWATER

Article 14-4
(Responsibilities of National and Local Governments)

1. Cities, towns and villages (including special wards; hereinafter the same) shall make best endeavors to implement measures, including provision of necessary facilities to reduce the pollutant load on water in Public Water Areas due to discharge of domestic wastewater (hereinafter referred to as , "Domestic Wastewater Treatment Facilities"), fostering instructors who are, to engage in the enlightenment of measures for domestic wastewater and other pleasure in respect to domestic wastewater, as measures to prevent water pollution in Public Water Areas due to discharge of domestic wastewater (hereinafter referred to as . "Measures for Domestic Wastewater").

2. The prefectural governments shall make their endeavors to comprehensively adjust implementation of measures over a wide area in respect of domestic wastewater.

3. The national government shall make its best endeavors to disseminate knowledge concerning water pollution in Public Water Areas due to discharge of domestic wastewater as well as render necessary technical and financial assistance to promote measures with respect to domestic wastewater implemented by local governments.


Article 14-5
(Responsibilities of Citizens)

Citizens shall make their best endeavors to properly dispose of cooking rubbish, waste cooking oil, etc., and properly use cleansers, etc., to implementation of measures for domestic wastewater by the national or local governments.


Article 14-6
(Efforts by those who Discharge Domestic Wastewater)

Those who discharge domestic wastewater shall, except where they are required to take measures to treat domestic wastewater in accordance with the provisions of the to take measures to treat domestic wastewater in accordance with the provisions of the Sewerage Law and other laws, make endeavors to develop facilities to reduce the pollutant load on water in Public Water Areas due to domestic wastewater.


Article 14-7
(Designation of Important Areas for Domestic Wastewater Measures, etc.)

1. The Governors of the prefectures shall, when they recognize that it is particularly necessary to promote implementation of measures for domestic wastewater to prevent water pollution in the following Public Water Areas due to discharge of domestic wastewater, designate important areas for domestic wastewater measures in the areas of pertinent cities, towns or villages related to the water pollution of the pertinent Public Water Area:

(1)
Public Water Areas where environmental water quality standards have not actually been secured or there is considerable fear that the said standards will not be met;
(2)
Other than stipulated in the preceding Sub-paragraph, Public Water Areas where it is particularly important to aim at preserving water quality in the light of natural and social conditions where water pollution is occurring or there is considerable fear that water pollution will occur.

2. The Governors of the prefectures shall, when they are to designate an important area for domestic wastewater measures, hear opinions of mayors of cities, towns or villages concerned in advance.

3. In a case where the Public Water Area subject to designation as an important area for domestic wastewater measures extends into areas in other prefectures to the effect that he intends to designate it.

4. The governor of the prefecture shall, when he has designated an important area for domestic wastewater measures, publicly announce it and at the same time notify cities, towns and villages which include the said important area for domestic wastewater measures (hereinafter referred to as "Cities, Towns and Villages for Promotion of Domestic Wastewater Measures") of the effect.

5. The provisions of the preceding three Paragraphs shall apply correspondingly to changes in important areas for domestic wastewater measures.


Article 14-8
(Drawing up of Promotion Plan for Domestic Wastewater Measures, etc.)

1. Cities, towns and villages for the promotion of domestic wastewater measures shall draw up a plan for promotion of implementation of measures for domestic wastewater in an important area for domestic wastewater measures (hereinafter referred to as "Plan for Promotion of Implementation of Domestic Wastewater Measures").

2. In the plan for promotion of implementation of domestic wastewater measures, the following matters shall be stipulated:

(1)
Basic policy concerning promotion of implementation of domestic wastewater measures
(2)
Matters concerning development of treatment facilities for domestic wastewater
(3)
Matters concerning education with respect to domestic wastewater measures
(4)
Other necessary matters concerning promotion of implementation of domestic wastewater measures

3. When cities, towns and villages for promotion of domestic wastewater measures draw up plans for the promotion of domestic wastewater measures, they shall maintain close liaison with other cities, towns and villages for promotion of domestic wastewater measures in the pertinent area for domestic wastewater measures.

4. When cities, towns and villages for promotion of domestic wastewater measures draw up plans for promotion of domestic wastewater measures, they shall notify the governor of the prefecture who has designated the important area for domestic wastewater measures in advance.

5. The governor of a prefecture who has been notified as referred to in the preceding Paragraph may advise the pertinent cities, towns and villages concerning the promotion of domestic wastewater measures and, if the governor recognizes that it is particularly necessary for their promotion, render recommendations to them.

6. Cities, towns and villages for promotion of domestic wastewater measures shall, when they have developed a plan for promotion of domestic wastewater measures, publicly announce its contents.

7. The provisions of Paragraphs 3 to the preceding Paragraph shall correspondingly apply to changes in the plan for promotion of domestic wastewater measures.


Article 14-9
(Promotion of Plan for Promotion of Domestic Wastewater Measures)

Cities, towns and villages for promotion of domestic wastewater measures shall endeavor to take any action necessary to implement the domestic wastewater measures, including development of treatment facilities for domestic wastewater, education in respect to measures for domestic wastewater, etc., in accordance with basic policy concerning the promotion of implementation of domestic wastewater measures as stipulated in the plan for promotion of domestic wastewater measures while maintaining close liaison with other cities, towns and villages in the pertinent area for promotion of domestic wastewater measures.


Article 14-10
(Guidance, etc.)

The mayors of cities, towns and villages for promotion of domestic wastewater measures may, when they recognize that it is necessary to promote the plan for promotion of domestic wastewater measures, give guidance, advice and make recommendations to those who discharge domestic wastewater in the important area of domestic wastewater measures.


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