A Long-term Perspective on Environment and Development in the Asia-Pacific Region


IV. Conclusions and Recommendations

4.1 Conclusions

4.2 Recommendations


ECO ASIA Long-term Perspective Project provides a basis for further development and dissemination of the concept of Asia-Pacific Eco-Consciousness for raising public awareness:

(a) This will encourage each country to rediscover those elements in its traditional ways of life that are suited to conserve the environment, and to protect and nurture them, including incorporating them into national policies, actions plans, and educational curriculum. This will ensure the transmission of the concept of Eco- Consciousness to future generations.

(b) To avoid repeating mistakes made by developed countries, the countries of the region need to create institutions and processes to learn from each other's experience and to jointly create new patterns of sustainable development.


It is recommended that governments provide support to small and medium enterprises that often lack funds, technology, and information on low environmental impact technologies; assistance should also be sought from NGOs and industry sector groups.

Countries need to support the activities of non-profit NGOs as they provide important information for decision-makers as well as enhancing public awareness of the role of citizens in reducing environmental problems.

Inter-city networks such as ICLEI need encouragement and support in their initiatives in establishing fora and joint actions for resolution of urban environmental problems.

Eco-Technology and Eco-Investment

Developed countries need to meet the commitments made at UNCED in Rio in 1992 towards funding environmental protection projects in developing countries.

Companies possessing environmentally sound technology should be encouraged to transfer this when establishing subsidiaries or joint ventures in developing countries.

Governments in the region need to actively stimulate a major increase in investment in environmental management and protection in industrial and governmental sectors, to meet an estimated six-fold increase in funding requirements for environmental protection by the year 2025.

Governments should thoroughly investigate market mechanisms in order to meet the immense environmental investment requirement in the region.

Growth of the domestic eco-industry in developing countries should be fostered by offering incentives to foreign investors to enter into joint ventures with local enterprises.

Countries should provide environmental and energy conservation guidelines for external investors in manufacturing and real estate development.

Governments need to review energy prices that are set at artificially low levels, and thus provide incentives for investment in energy conservation. During periods of major industrial expansion, governments could require companies to incorporate energy-saving technology as part of energy use.

Eco-Policy Linkage

Governments need to closely link their national policies with regional and international policy in the following areas in order to achieve maximum progress on environmental issues:

Air Pollution Prevention Linked Strategy: The linking of national policies for control of the emissions of SO2, NOx, and other substances, to international policies for arresting global warming and acid deposition.

Natural Resource Recovery Linked Strategy: The linking of national policies for forest management, reforestation, soil recovery and increasing food production, into international policies for natural resource management and arresting global warming.

Recycling Promotion Linked Strategy: The promotion of national recycling policies that are associated with international policies for resource development, thereby instituting a new recycling strategy in the developed countries.

Biodiversity Protection Linked Strategy: The linking of policies for protecting biodiversity and natural environment to regional and subregional programs to promote eco-tourism, thereby encouraging a new protection strategy of natural environment.

Water Pollution Prevention Linked Strategy: The linking of their national policies for water quality control in rivers adjacent seas to regional and subregional policies for preventing water pollution in the high seas, thereby encouraging domestic and local activities for water quality management.

4.3 Follow-up Activities of ECO ASIA Long-term Perspective Project

Participating countries commended the initiatives of the Government of Japan and the work of the Japanese Environment Agency (EA) in the ECO ASIA Long-term Perspective Project. They requested that the Japanese EA continue the coordinating role in the critical ongoing work that is reflected in the project conclusions and recommendations. This arrangement will be reviewed at future project meetings.

Particular proposals for follow-up activities are:

1) To report the results of ECO ASIA Long-term Perspective Project to the Fifth Session of the UN Commission on Sustainable Development or to the Special Session of the UN General Assembly.

2) To organise international workshops to further develop approaches and activities on the following four items: Eco-Consciousness, Eco-Partnership, Eco- Technology and Eco-Investment, and Eco-Policy Linkage.

3) To outline the role and function of the ECO ASIA Focal Point in each country and establish a means for maintaining linkage between country focal points.

4) To develop the AIM and Framework models further (particularly Japan), closely linked with the development of environmental indicators in the region; in addition, opportunities to use these models in countries in the region should be sought; countries should establish the necessary data collection and training systems.

5) To establish a regional Asia Pacific environmental information network (ECO ASIA NET may be the basis for this). To ensure effective in-country use, the necessary training programs and computer hardware should be identified, planned and funded.

6) To pursue policies and actions which involve new actors including NGOs and the private sector.

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