Health & Chemicals

Strategic Programs on Environmental Endocrine Disruptors '98 (SPEED '98) - Table-2

Table-2: The report concerning the influences on wildlife

WildlifePlaceInfluencesProbable causative substancesResearchers
shellfish reishia seashores in Japan virilescence, population decline organotin components Horiguchi et al. (1994)
fish rainbow trout rivers in the United Kingdom virilescence, population decline nonylphenol
*not confirmed
Sumpter et al. (1985)
(a kind of carp)
rivers in the United Kingdom hermaphroditism nonylphenol
*not confirmed
Purdom et al. (1994)
salmon Great Lakes in the United States thyroid hyperplasia, population decline unknown Leatherland (1992)
reptiles crocodile lakes in Florida State in the United States male penis atrophy, decrease of hatchability of ovum, population decline organochlorine agricultural chemicals such as DDT discharged into lakes Guillette et al (1994)
birds seagull Great Lakes in the United States virilescence, thyroid tumors DDT, PCB *not confirmed Fry et al (1987)
Moccia et al (1986)
American noddy Lake Michigan in the United States decrease of hatchability of ovum DDT, PCB *not confirmed Kubiak (1989)
mammals seal Holland population decline, decrease of immune function PCB Reijinders (1986)
white dolphin Canada population decline, decrease of immune function PCB De Guise et al. (1995)
puma the United States undescended testis, decrease of sperm counts unknown Facemire et al. (1995)
sheep Australia (1940s) frequent occurrence of stillbirth, occurrence of malformation plant estrogen (originated from clover) Bennetts (1946)

Cf. Quoted works are based on "the interim reports by the workshop concerning exogenous endocrine-disrupting chemicals issues."

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