Bilateral/Regional Cooperation

ASEAN+3 Environment Ministers Meeting

Inaugurated in Vientiane, Lao PDR in 2002, the ASEAN+3 Environment Ministers Meeting has been held annually for the purpose of promoting environmental cooperation among the ASEAN countries, and the three countries of Japan, China and the Republic of Korea.

Year Venue Outline
Japan, China and the Republic of Korea outlined their environmental cooperation with ASEAN.
Exchanged views on areas and steps for cooperation projects in the framework of ASEAN+3.
Japan suggested a Kitakyushu Initiative for city environment improvement, based on its experience of having resolved pollution problems in Kitakyushu.
Second Meeting
Exchanged views on steps for cooperation on fresh water resources, city environment management and 8 other possible areas identified as such at the previous meeting.
Japan presented its policy measures on climate change, biodiversity conservation, water environment management, including Johkasoh (septic tank), environmental education, etc.
Japan outlined the Environment Congress for Asia and the Pacific (ECO ASIA), Clean Development Mechanism, migratory bird protection, etc. with the view to enhancing the partnership with ASEAN.
Third Meeting
Singapore ASEAN Secretariat presented an update of activities on the 10 possible areas for cooperation.
Japan outlined the 3R Initiative Ministerial Meeting scheduled in Tokyo and the World Expo to be held in Aichi.
Japan proposed the Kitakyushu Initiative, Water Environment Partnership in Asia (WEPA) and other existing frameworks be utilized for enhancement of the partnership with ASEAN.
Fourth Meeting
ASEAN Secretariat delineated 6 projects for ASEAN+3 cooperation including Environment Education Forum and climate change dialogue.
Japan stated its willingness to pursue the projects actively, capitalizing on JAIF.Outlining ongoing activities in related areas, it also suggested continuation of working-level discussions on new projects, including possible utilization of existing frameworks.
Japan outlined the 3R Initiative Ministerial Meeting held in Tokyo and the International Conference on Environment and Transport in Aichi that was held in Aichi.
Participating countries thanked the funding support of 7.5 billion yen from Japan ASEAN-related funds.
ASEAN Secretariat explained the proposed 6 cooperation projects under the ASEAN+3 framework, including Environment Education Forum and climate change dialogue.
Japan stated its willingness to utilize JAIF for active pursuit of projects and to make positive contributions to implementation of the projects proposed by ASEAN.It also expressed willingness to cooperate on biodiversity, based on a concrete proposal from ASEAN.
Japan expressed its strong interest in promoting cooperation in areas of climate change measures in ASEAN, technology transfer through CDM, forest preservation, 3Rs and water resource management.
Japan called for cooperation on Environmental Leadership Initiatives for Asian Sustainability (ELIAS) that will be implemented in collaboration with universities in ASEAN.
Japan underlined the importance of increased dialogue with ASEAN countries in the advent of UNFCCC COP13 and the 2008 G8 Summit Meeting in Hokkaido/Toyako.
Seventh Meeting
Viet Nam
ASEAN Secretariat outlined ASEAN's respective cooperation activities with Japan, China and the Republic of Korea.
Japan outlined JAIF and other support schemes and sought cooperation on CBD COP10.
Japan described specific examples of cooperative activities, including contributions to ASEAN regional integration through the Japan ASEAN Environmental Dialogue, Acid Deposition Monitoring Network in East Asia (EANET) and Environmentally Sustainable Transport (EST).
Eighth Meeting
Singapore Japan described Japan ASEAN Environmental Dialogue and its cooperation on the ASEAN Year of the Environment and ASEAN State of the Environment Report through JAIF.
Japan suggested POPs, mercury measures, 3R Regional Forum in Asia and ProSPER.Net as potential areas for cooperation in the framework of ASEAN+3.
Japan proposed an ASEAN+3 cooperation project on biodiversity conservation supported by JAIF that was jointly planned by the ASEAN Centre for Biodiversity and Ministry of the Environment.
Bandar Seri
Japan remarked on the promotion of climate change countermeasures, joint activities of Tripartite Environment Ministers Meeting (TEMM) and ASEAN Plus Three, and environmental cooperation with Southeast Asian countries.
Cooperation among ASEAN Plus Three countries was reported on and opinions exchanged on the ASEAN Plus Three Youth Environment Forum, the project for Taxonomic Capacity Building and Governance for Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity, and the ASEAN Eco Model Cities Programme.
Cooperation among the ASEAN countries and Japan, China and Korea was reviewed. Japan made reports on the JAPAN-ASEAN Dialogue on Environmental Cooperation held in August 2010 and environmental cooperation based through JAIF.
Phnom Penh,
Japan gave a briefing on domestic efforts including post-earthquake measures, biodiversity and environmental cooperation with ASEAN. Japan also introduced environmental cooperation in Asia including the Regional 3R Forum in Asia, EANET and the bilateral offset credit mechanism.
In the discussion about new cooperation projects between ASEAN and the three countries, Japan proposed the establishment of Asia Research Network for Low Carbon Development (ARNLCD).
Japan reported on the results of the ASEAN-Japan Dialogue on Environmental Cooperation. Relevant countries made reports on the projects which utilized JAIF.
Japan introduced its efforts in recovering from the Great East Japan Earthquake, the "FutureCity" Initiative, the studies for the formulation of the "Sustainable Development Goals" based on the Rio +20 results, etc.
With respect to the cooperation programs that engage Japan, China, Korea and ASEAN, Japan reported about the "ASEAN Model City Program" and "The High Level Seminar on Environmentally Sustainable Cities" which were funded by the Japan-ASEAN Integration Fund (JAIF).
Regarding the upcoming cooperation programs in ASEAN +3, ASEAN strongly requested for continuing the Model City Program.
Representatives from Japan provided details about the support policies that utilize the bilateral offset credit mechanism (JCM) to achieve "leapfrog" development in developing countries, which was presented by Mr. Nobuteru Ishihara, Minister of the Environment, in May 2013. Japan also discussed the necessity of strengthening regional cooperation for air pollution measures in Asia that was agreed upon at the Tripartite Environment Ministers Meeting of Japan, China, and Korea.
Representatives from ASEAN countries expressed strong interest in the support policies to achieve "leapfrog" development, and indicated that they would like to receive support.
The Republic of Korea and Singapore gave their strong agreement to promoting regional cooperation for air pollution utilizing existing frameworks, such as UNEP.
13th ASEAN+3 Environment Ministers Meeting, Vientiane, Lao PDR. The Japanese government reported on the ASEAN Environmental Model Cities Programme, provided details about support policies by utilizing the Joint Crediting Mechanism (JCM) to achieve "leapfrog" development in developing countries, as well as activities of LoCARNet which implements policy dialogue and capacity building.
ASEAN countries expressed their thanks for Japanese intitiatives and requested that these efforts be developed further. In particular, Thailand, Lao PDR and Viet Nam highly evaluated the support for capacity building for the ASEAN Environmental Model Cities Programme, and Myanmar expressed its expectations for LoCARNet.
Japan proposed to cooperate to implement the “2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”. Specifically, Japan proposed to set up a new forum as a platform for contributing to realising relevant policies and actions on this agenda through sharing successful practices and experiences of countries and cities, as well as introducing assistance programmes in which Asian cities can join, hosted by each country or international organisations etc.
It was suggested and approved to hold the ASEAN+3 Environment Ministers Meeting once every two years.
Fifteenth Meeting (2017) Bandar Seri Begawan,
Brunei Darussalam
Japan proposed a new initiative "ASEAN-Japan Environmental Cooperation Initiative". In relation to the Initiative Japan proposed support to the ASEAN SDGs Frontrunner Cities Programme to be funded by JAIF. Promotion of collaborative research in the areas of circular economy, and waste and recycling with the ERIA was also proposed to promote recycling-based society for the region Japan also proposed promotion of bilateral cooperation with ASEAN countries based on the Basic Strategy of the Promotion of Environmental Infrastructure.
Sixteenth Meeting (2019) Siem Reap,
Japan shared the outcome of the Japan-ASEAN Environmental Cooperation thus far, asked for support for the Osaka Blue Ocean Vision, and committed to launch the Marine Plastic Knowledge Centre as part of ASEAN+3 Marine Plastics Debris Cooperative Action Initiative. In addition, Japan suggested the implementation of environmental cooperation and monitoring through sustainable cities, PaSTI, and JCM, and further cooperation on HFC and ETV.
Seventeenth Meeting (2021) Online Actions taken in the environmental field by the ASEAN+3 and the cooperation among ASEAN and China, Japan and Korea respectively. Japan shared the actions taken based on the ASEAN+3 Marine Plastic Litter Cooperation Action Initiative proposed in 2018 and the ASEAN-Japan Climate Change Action Agenda. Japan also proposed to strengthen cooperation on climate change in the areas of transparency, mitigation, and adaptation.
Eighteenth Meeting (2023) Vientiane,
Japan shared with ASEAN countries the progress of efforts based on the ASEAN+3 Marine Plastics Debris Cooperative Action Initiative and other initiatives and exchanged views with them.
On the occasion of the 50th anniversary of ASEAN-Japan Friendship and Cooperation, the ASEAN-Japan Ministerial Dialogue on Environment and Climate Change (AJMDEC), the second environment ministerial meeting between ASEAN and Japan since 2019, was held to strengthen cooperation between ASEAN countries and Japan.
At the AJMDEC, Japan proposed the Strategic Program for ASEAN Climate and Environment (SPACE) to address the triple crises of climate change, pollution, and biodiversity loss. SPACE was welcomed by ASEAN countries and launched at the ceremony.