Technical Cooperation Projects (e.g.Environment Center) and Dispatch of Experts
The Technical Cooperation Project encompasses comprehensive and long-term cooperation that combines equipment provision, dispatch of experts, and holding of training programs based on bilateral agreements between Japan and recipient countries.The recipient country also provides facilities and operation expenses.
The Projects are implemented by JICA in collaboration with relevant authorities and additional support for terminated projects may be granted where needed.
Typical examples in the environmental field are the support to the Environmental Center in the countries in the above diagram.These technical cooperation projects have been implemented in association with the grant aid for facility and equipment, which does not require reimbursement.
Besides Environmental Center projects, the Japanese government executes a wide range of technical cooperation in various countries.
Experts in such areas as environmental monitoring, environmental administration, and nature conservation are dispatched to developing countries through JICA in collaboration with local governments, and other relevant organizations in order to promote technical cooperation to environmental administrative organizations, research institutes, etc.
The Ministry of the Environment, in collaboration with local governments, promotes training programs for human resource development, and human resource database construction for smooth dispatch of experts.
- The Environmental Research and Training Center in Thailand
- Opened in March 1992 for integrated implementation of environmental research, training, and monitoring.
- The Japan-China Friendship Environmental Protection Center
- Opened in May 1996 to upgrade the level of environmental observation and data processing and to implement environmental research and training.
- The Environmental Management Center in Indonesia
- Opened in August 1993 to establish environmental monitoring, gather analyze, and supply environment data, and to train government officials and private-sector engineers.
- The National Center for Environment in the Republic of Chile
- Established by the University of Chile as a non-profit organization for research, environmental information, human resources development, and awareness education.The center received assistance from Japan in the area of air and water quality and waste disposal in a five-year plan starting June 1995.
- The National Center for Environmental Research and Training in Mexico
- Japan has been assisting the center established by Mexico for human resources development in the environmental field since July 1995.
- The Environmental Monitoring Training Project in Egypt
- Support has been provided since September 1997 to the project by Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency aimed at building an environmental monitoring network, etc.
- The Biodiversity Information Center in Indonesia
- Established in May 1997 for biodiversity conservation.