Antarctic Continent has a reason
why it is called "the land
of snow and ice"; the Continent
is literally covered with a thick
ice sheet that reaches up to an
average of 2,450m. The average
altitude of the Continent is 2,300m,
which is remarkably high compared
to other continents.
The average temperature is -10 degrees centigrade along the coast,
but it decreases to -60 degrees centigrade inland and the lowest inland
temperature is lower than -80 degrees centigrade . The extreme cold,
strong winds and dryness in Antarctica have created one of the most
severe natural environments on Earth.
The areas south of 66.5° South Latitude have days without the
sun in winter and days with sun light for 24 hours in summer. The
higher the latitude is, the longer the duration of midnight sun and
polar nights become.
Due to the unique environment, Antarctica provides us with spectacular
landscapes and natural phenomenon.