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Background Information

Active involvement and coordination by all concerned stakeholders is seen as essential for achieving the effective implementation of the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal. Capacity building in developing countries and promotion of information exchange among relevant parties have also presented pressing needs. In view of prevention and monitoring of the illegal traffic, in particular, development of appropriate mechanism for compliance with and monitoring of effective implementation of the Convention are called for in the 10 year strategic plan adopted at the Sixth Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Basel Convention (COP 6)

In North-East and South-east Asian countries, there is an increasing concern about international trade of hazardous wastes. The transboundary movements of hazardous wastes under the Basel Convention are in fact internationally traded for material recovery, such as precious metals. However, illegal transboundary movements of hazardous wastes are occurred, and hazardous wastes by such transboundary movements would be treated in environmentally unsound manner which causes the adverse effects on human health and the environment. In view of gaining appropriate control on such illegal shipments, the establishment of the "Asian Network for Prevention of Illegal Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes" has been proposed by the Government of Japan. A project including preparatory work for establishing the Network has been reported to and acknowledged by Parties at the First Session of the Open-ended Working Group of the Basel Convention (OEWG1).