Nature & Parks

[Outline of Policies] Yakushima World Heritage Area Management Plan

[Cultural and Historical Heritage] Yakushima World Heritage Area Management Plan

Outline of the Policies surrounding the Yakushima World Heritage Area

Systems NamePurpose and RequirementsZone(Area)RestrictionsNotes
Wilderness Area (Yakushima Wilderness Area) Natural areas preserve their primeval state, have not been affected by human activity, and need protection. 1219ha The following activities require the approval of the Minister of the Environment (Article 17): (1) constructing, reconstructing, or extending buildings, (2) altering the landscape, (3) mining and quarrying, (4) reclamation, (5) altering the water level or water volume in rivers, etc., (6) cutting trees or bamboo (7) collecting fallen leaves or branches, (8) planting trees or bamboo, (9) capturing animals, (10) grazing livestock, (11) lighting fires, (12) accumulating things, (13) using vehicles or horses in designated zones(14) leaving waste, (15) planting plants Nature Conservation Law
National Park (Kirishima-yaku National Park) A park contributes to human health, recreation, and enlightenment by protecting scenic beauty and promoting its use Special Zone (12,005 ha) The following activities require the approval of the Minister of the Environment (Article 17): (1) constructing, reconstructing, or extending buildings, (2) cutting trees or bamboo, (3) mining and quarrying, (4) altering water level or water volume in rivers, etc.,, (5) discharging waste water or sewage into designated lakes, marshes, rivers, etc., (6) advertising, (7) reclamation, (8) altering the, (9) collecting designated plants, (10) changing the color of, etc., (11) using vehicles or horses in designated zones Natural Parks Law
Special Protection Zone (6,733 ha) In addition to (1) through (8), (10), and (11) listed above, the following activities require the approval of the Minister of the Environment (Article 18): (12) damaging trees and bamboo, (13) planting trees and bamboo, (14) grazing livestock, (15) dumping, (16) lighting fires, (17) collecting fallen leaves and branches, (18) capturing animals.
Forest Ecosystem Reserve (Yakushima Forest Ecosystem Reserve) Through the preservation of primitive forests, Conservation Forests contribute to the maintenance of the natural forest ecosystem, the protection of plants and animals, the preservation of the gene pool, the advancement of forestry management and techniques, and academic research. Preservation Area (9,600 ha) Principally, this area will be left to natural succession without human disturbance (emergency measures caused by natural disasters; monitoring, academic research and other activities that contribute to the larger public welfare; and other legal measures are excluded by this restriction). "On the rearrangement and expansion of Conservation Forests" (Order by Director General, of the Forestry Agency, April 1989)
Conservation and Utilization Area :(5,585 ha) No forestry operations are permitted for the purpose timber production ( if there is an artificial forest, multiple forest management may be applicable). Educational and recreational use that does not accompany large-scale development is permissible.
Natural Monuments Monuments are animals, plants, and geological minerals of great academic interest in Japan. Special Natural Monuments: Yakushima Virgin Cedar Forest; Natural Monument: Ryukyu robin (Erithacus komodori), Japanese wood pigeon (Columba janthica), (Turdus celaenops), (Phylloscopus ijimae) The Commissioner for Cultural Affairs must approve activities that may impact the preservation of the status quo of designated species. (Article 80) Law on the Protection of Cultural Properties

Ministry of the Environment Government of Japan

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