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Coastal Area 16501 Noto Peninsula

Basic Information A separate window opensReferences

Relevant municipalities Hakui, Shika, Suzu, Noto, Wajima, Ishikawa Prefecture
Area (km2) 621

Reason(s) for selection A separate window opensCriteria

Selected due to high levels for the criteria 1, 2 and 5, and selected by MARXAN software.

Characteristics A separate window opensReferences

These waters extend from the mouth of the Hakui River on the west coast of the Noto Peninsula through the northern part of the peninsula to Tanoura and Ushitsu. A series of gently shelving shallow sandy beaches continues from Hakui to Shibagaki, and here abundant sandy beach biota can be seen (Kato, 1999). On these sandy shores relatively large numbers of species and populations of snipe and plover are present during the migration seasons of spring and fall (Ministry of the Environment, 2001). The Hakui coast is habitat for Abroscelis anchoralis. In addition, in the waters in the vicinity of the town of Shika lives Zoarchias microstomus, a species endemic to Japan and recorded only here (Kimura and Sato, 2007). Off the Noto Peninsula unfold large-scale Sargassum beds, and while there are numerous artificial “nori islands” on the west coast there also are communities of laver including Uppurui nori, Porphyra okamurae and others (Ministry of the Environment, 2001). Masuhogaura is a gently shelving shallow sandy beach in a bay, where the most diverse assortment of shells to wash ashore in the Sea of Japan can be seen. Chion semigranosa and Latona cuneata are common at the water's edge, and Prunus Kabazakura and Pharaonella sieboldii inhabit the subtidal zone. In the vicinity of Cape Ama are saltwater marshlands of Juncaginaceae and others, where reef creatures live in abundance (Kato, 1999). In the waters from Cape Suzu to Iida Bay and Ushitsu are expansive seaweed beds and eel grass beds (Ikemori, 2013), an important habitat for Zostera caulescens (Tsukumo Bay) and Zostera caespitosa (Iida Bay) (Nakaoka and Aioi, 2001). The coast of the sea extending in front of the town of Noto, Hosu-gun is home to Sargassum beds, where numerous species including rare species are found (Ministry of the Environment, 2001). Tsukumo Bay in these waters is a habitat of the rare species Oligobrachia mashikoi (Institute of Nature and Environmental Technology Kanazawa University, 2005).

Environment / Habitat infromation A separate window opensData source

Tidal mud flats (km2)
Moba (seaweed bed) (km2) 96.7
Coral reef coverage (km2)
Natural coast (km) 136.7
Rate of natural coast (%) 48.5
Sand bank / submerged sand bank
Other habitats

Species information (*) A separate window opensData source

Criteria 1
<Vascular Plants>
Zostera caespitosa
Zostera caulescens
Criteria 2
Apus pacificus (Pacific Swift)[Br/Ne]
Monticola solitarius (Blue Rock-thrush)[Br/Ne]
Phalacrocorax capillatus (Japanese Cormorant)
Phalacrocorax capillatus (Japanese Cormorant)[Br/Ne]
Larus crassirostris (Black-tailed Gull)
Larus crassirostris (Black-tailed Gull)[Br/Ne]
Egretta sacra (Pacific Reef-egret)[Br/Ne]
Charadrius dubius (Little Ringed Plover)[Br/Ne]
Charadrius alexandrinus (Kentish Plover)[Br/Ne]
Pandion haliaetus (Osprey)[Br/Ne]
Etrumeus teres (Red-eye round herring)[Sp]
Maurolicus japonicus (North Pacific lightfish)[Sp]
Sebastes schlegelii (Korean rockfish)[Sp]
Hyporhamphus sajori (Japanese halfbeak)[Sp]
Trachurus japonicus (Japanese jack mackerel)[Sp]
Sardinops melanostictus (Japanese pilchard)[Sp]
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)[Sp]
Todarodes pacificus (Japanese flying squid)
Watasenia scintillans (Firefly squid )
Octopus vulgaris (Common octopus)
Loligo bleekeri (Spear squid)
Criteria 3
Leucopsarion petersii (Ice goby )
Cicindela anchoralis
Cicindela laetescripta
Cicindela sumatrensis niponensis
<Bivalva, Gastropoda>
Littorina brevicula
<Vascular Plants>
Zostera caulescens
Vaucheria longicaulis
Criteria 7
<Bivalva, Gastropoda>
Blanfordia japonica
<Vascular Plants>
Zostera marina (Eel grass)
Halophila ovalis
Carex rugulosa
Zostera japonica
Triglochin asiaticum

* This is the species list of which meet the criteria. In that matter, this list does not include all species that inhabit the individual area.
Abbreviation in the information is as follows.
[Br/Ne] : Adjacent water of breeding area or nesting site
[Sp] : spawning area
[Ad] : species not used for analysis but add to the list because inhabit information was collected later
[Ex] : species used for analysis but considered to be possibly extinct in the EBSA region (area)
No mark : data of species distribution


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