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Coastal Area 16401 Echizen and Kaga coasts

Basic Information A separate window opensReferences

Relevant municipalities Kaga, Kanazawa, Komatsu, Uchinada, Nomi, Hakusan, Ishikawa Prefecture; Awara, Sakai, Fukui, Fukui Prefecture
Area (km2) 584

Reason(s) for selection A separate window opensCriteria

Selected due to high levels for the criteria 2, and selected by MARXAN software.

Characteristics A separate window opensReferences

These are the waters off the Echizen and Kaga coasts from Cape Echizen through the mouth of the Kuzuryu River to Kahoku Lagoon (the mouth of the Ono River). In the subtidal zone of the Echizen Coast unfold abundant seaweed beds, centered on Sargassum fulvellum species, which fish and other creatures use as spawning grounds and habitat. Rock fishing thrives here, centered on sea urchin, abalone, turban shell, and others, and the area is highly productive (Fukui Prefecture, 2005). In the vicinity of Kahoku Lagoon (the mouth of the Ono River) relatively large numbers of species and populations of snipe and plover are present during the migration seasons of spring and fall, and at least 1% of the minimum estimated population of Numenius phaeopus and spotted redshank has been recorded here. Other species recorded here are common redshank, oriental pratincole, and Latham's snipe (Ministry of the Environment, 2001).

Environment / Habitat infromation A separate window opensData source

Tidal mud flats (km2)
Moba (seaweed bed) (km2) 7.5
Coral reef coverage (km2)
Natural coast (km) 69.9
Rate of natural coast (%) 38.1
Sand bank / submerged sand bank
Other habitats

Species information (*) A separate window opensData source

Criteria 1
Riparia riparia (Sand Martin)
Cottus kazika (Fourspine sculpin)
<Bivalva, Gastropoda>
Corbicula japonica
Criteria 2
Apus pacificus (Pacific Swift)[Br/Ne]
Monticola solitarius (Blue Rock-thrush)[Br/Ne]
Phalacrocorax capillatus (Japanese Cormorant)
Phalacrocorax capillatus (Japanese Cormorant)[Br/Ne]
Larus crassirostris (Black-tailed Gull)
Larus crassirostris (Black-tailed Gull)[Br/Ne]
Calonectris leucomelas (Streaked Shearwater)
Calonectris leucomelas (Streaked Shearwater)[Br/Ne]
Egretta sacra (Pacific Reef-egret)[Br/Ne]
Sterna albifrons (Little Tern)
Sterna albifrons (Little Tern)[Br/Ne]
Charadrius dubius (Little Ringed Plover)[Br/Ne]
Charadrius alexandrinus (Kentish Plover)[Br/Ne]
Phalacrocorax pelagicus (Pelagic Cormorant)
Phalacrocorax pelagicus (Pelagic Cormorant)[Br/Ne]
Pandion haliaetus (Osprey)[Br/Ne]
Branchiostegus japonicus (Horsehead tilefish)[Sp]
Engraulis japonicus (Japanese anchovy)[Sp]
Maurolicus japonicus (North Pacific lightfish)[Sp]
Hyporhamphus sajori (Japanese halfbeak)[Sp]
Trichiurus japonicus (Largehead hairtail)[Sp]
Takifugu rubripes (Japanese pufferfish)[Sp]
Paralichthys olivaceus (Bastard halibut)[Sp]
Seriola quinqueradiata (Japanese amberjack)[Sp]
Trachurus japonicus (Japanese jack mackerel)[Sp]
Sardinops melanostictus (Japanese pilchard)[Sp]
Scomber japonicus (Chub mackerel)[Sp]
Pagrus major (Red seabream)[Sp]
Tanakius kitaharae (Willowy flounder)[Sp]
Todarodes pacificus (Japanese flying squid)
Watasenia scintillans (Firefly squid )
Octopus vulgaris (Common octopus)
Criteria 3
Sterna albifrons (Little Tern)
Phalacrocorax pelagicus (Pelagic Cormorant)
Cottus kazika (Fourspine sculpin)
Lethenteron japonicum (Japanese lamprey)
Leucopsarion petersii (Ice goby )
Cicindela anchoralis
Cicindela laetescripta
Cicindela sumatrensis niponensis
Criteria 4
Calonectris leucomelas (Streaked Shearwater)
Criteria 7
Lethenteron japonicum (Japanese lamprey)
Gastersosteus aculeatus aculeatus (Three-spined stickleback)
<Bivalva, Gastropoda>
Blanfordia japonica
Corbicula japonica

* This is the species list of which meet the criteria. In that matter, this list does not include all species that inhabit the individual area.
Abbreviation in the information is as follows.
[Br/Ne] : Adjacent water of breeding area or nesting site
[Sp] : spawning area
[Ad] : species not used for analysis but add to the list because inhabit information was collected later
[Ex] : species used for analysis but considered to be possibly extinct in the EBSA region (area)
No mark : data of species distribution


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