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Coastal Area 15501 Goto Islands

Basic Information A separate window opensReferences

Relevant municipalities Goto, Sasebo, Ojika, Shinkamigoto, Saikai, Nagasaki Prefecture
Area (km2) 1459

Reason(s) for selection A separate window opensCriteria

Selected due to high levels for the criteria1, 2, 4 and 7, and selected by MARXAN software.

Characteristics A separate window opensReferences

These are the waters in the vicinity of the Goto Islands (including Ukujima, Ojika, and other islands). The Goto Islands are an archipelago of more than 140 islands of varying sizes, with a ria coastal geology that is rich in complex variations, including natural beaches, sea cliffs, volcanic features. It is home to a wealth of natural scenery. Ohama on northeastern Ukujima Island includes highly natural sand dunes and sandy beaches and is a treasure trove of valuable flora and fauna. It is particularly worth noting that this area includes habitat of Cicindela laetescripta, Cicindela sumatrensis, big-headed ground beetle, Schiodtella japonica and others. The shells washed ashore here also are extremely diverse. The sands on the land side of Sugehama form the only habitat in the prefecture for Pupilla cryptodon, a shellfish thought to be a continental relict, and the insect Aphanisticus congener. Sand dunes are home to Lithospermum zollingeri and Asparagus kiusianus. Cape Nagasakibana is an important feeding grounds for migrating snipe and plover, and Zoysia matrella and Messerschmidia sibirica grow at the shore (Sasebo city, 2013). Shiraragahama Bay at Miiraku on Fukue Island is a gently shelving shallow inland bay, rich in creatures of tidal mud flats such as common Orient clam (Kato, personal communication). Tsutara, Kuroshima, and Oshima islands, extending from the south of Fukue Island to its southeast, are an important habitat for reef-building coral in western Kyushu, including Acropora hyacinthus, Acropora formosa, and Acropora solitaryensis. They also are located at the northern limit of Acropora hyacinthus and Acropora Formosa habitat (Sugihara et al., 2009; Yamano et al., 2011).

Environment / Habitat infromation A separate window opensData source

Tidal mud flats (km2) 2.5
Moba (seaweed bed) (km2) 45.8
Coral reef coverage (km2) 0.2
Natural coast (km) 992.1
Rate of natural coast (%) 79.4
Sand bank / submerged sand bank
Other habitats

Species information (*) A separate window opensData source

Criteria 1
Astrabe flavimaculata
Clariger exilis
Luciogobius albus
Lateolabrax latus (Blackfin seabass)
<Bivalva, Gastropoda>
Angustassiminea castanea
Cassidula plecotrematoides japonica
Corbicula japonica
<Other invertebrate>
Synhalcurias elegans
Actinauge bocki
Criteria 2
Apus pacificus (Pacific Swift)[Br/Ne]
Monticola solitarius (Blue Rock-thrush)[Br/Ne]
Sula leucogaster (Brown Booby)
Sula leucogaster (Brown Booby)[Br/Ne]
Egretta sacra (Pacific Reef-egret)[Br/Ne]
Falco peregrinus (Peregrine Falcon)[Br/Ne]
Pandion haliaetus (Osprey)[Br/Ne]
Branchiostegus japonicus (Horsehead tilefish)[Sp]
Engraulis japonicus (Japanese anchovy)[Sp]
Trichiurus japonicus (Largehead hairtail)[Sp]
Paralichthys olivaceus (Bastard halibut)[Sp]
Seriola quinqueradiata (Japanese amberjack)[Sp]
Trachurus japonicus (Japanese jack mackerel)[Sp]
Sardinops melanostictus (Japanese pilchard)[Sp]
Scomber japonicus (Chub mackerel)[Sp]
Pagrus major (Red seabream)[Sp]
Sepioteuthis lessoniana (Bigfin Reef Squid)
Loligo edulis (Swordtip squid)
Todarodes pacificus (Japanese flying squid)
Criteria 3
Anguilla japonica (Japanese eel)
Luciogobius albus
Cicindela lewisi
<Bivalva, Gastropoda>
Ellobium chinense
Melampus sincaporensis
Stenothyra japonica
<Vascular Plants>
Suaeda malacosperma
Criteria 4
Calyptrophora japonica
Echinomuricea peterseni
Eleutherobia flava
Filigella mitsukuri
Funiculina quadrangularis
Keoeides koreni
Parisis fruticosa
Parisis minor
Plumarella adhaerens
Plumarella carinata
Thouarella hilgendorfi
Criteria 7
Luciogobius pallidus
Luciogobius albus
Luciogobius guttatus (Flat-headed goby)
<Bivalva, Gastropoda>
Clithon sowerbianus
Truncatella pfeifferi
Corbicula japonica
<Vascular Plants>
Aster tripolium (Sea aster)
Triglochin asiaticum
Suaeda malacosperma

* This is the species list of which meet the criteria. In that matter, this list does not include all species that inhabit the individual area.
Abbreviation in the information is as follows.
[Br/Ne] : Adjacent water of breeding area or nesting site
[Sp] : spawning area
[Ad] : species not used for analysis but add to the list because inhabit information was collected later
[Ex] : species used for analysis but considered to be possibly extinct in the EBSA region (area)
No mark : data of species distribution


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