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MOE home > Nature and Parks > EBSA home > Coastal Area > 14405 Adjacent waters of Southern Tanegashima Island


Coastal Area 14405 Adjacent waters of Southern Tanegashima Island

Basic Information A separate window opensReferences

Relevant municipalities Nakatane, Minamitane, Kagoshima Prefecture
Area (km2) 138

Reason(s) for selection A separate window opensCriteria

Selected by MARXAN software.

Characteristics A separate window opensReferences

These are the waters to the south of Tanegashima Island. These are important waters in which the coral of Kumanoura includes numerous rare species (Ministry of the Environment, 2001). In the area around the mouth of the Oura River unfold river-mouth tidal mud flats, where mangrove forests have developed and Kandelia obovata grows. This is a rare site where mangroves are distributed and geographically rare as a mangrove forest as well (Ministry of the Environment, 2001). The Nagahama coast at the southern tip of Tanegashima Island (from Honmura to Takezaki) consists of sandy shares with massive sand dunes, and it includes biota typical of sandy beach ecosystems (communities of seaside plants, seaside insects, and creatures that live on sandy beaches. The sandy beaches are home to numerous Carex kobomugi, wedelia, sea bells, Lathyrus japonicus, Callicarpa japonica, and its landscape free from artificial structures is worth noting. Very large numbers of shells are deposited on the sandy beaches, including many Cyclosunetta concinna, Dosinia juvenilis, and others. This coast can be considered to be home to the sand dunes best preserved in their natural state in all of Japan (Kato, personal communication). Also prolific here are Meretrix lamarckii, and there is a diverse range of shellfish. In addition, these waters also are important as the waters in front of an important loggerhead turtle spawning ground (Kamezaki, 2007).

Environment / Habitat infromation A separate window opensData source

Tidal mud flats (km2) 0.2
Moba (seaweed bed) (km2)
Coral reef coverage (km2)
Natural coast (km) 49
Rate of natural coast (%) 79.6
Sand bank / submerged sand bank
Other habitats Mangroves

Species information (*) A separate window opensData source

Criteria 1
Upogebia sakaii
<Bivalva, Gastropoda>
Angustassiminea castanea
Stenomelania rufescens
Euphyllia paraglabrescens
Criteria 2
Apus pacificus (Pacific Swift)[Br/Ne]
Egretta sacra (Pacific Reef-egret)[Br/Ne]
Charadrius alexandrinus (Kentish Plover)[Br/Ne]
Sterna dougallii (Roseate Tern)
Sterna dougallii (Roseate Tern)[Br/Ne]
Pandion haliaetus (Osprey)[Br/Ne]
Engraulis japonicus (Japanese anchovy)[Sp]
Scomber australasicus (Blue mackerel)[Sp]
Seriola quinqueradiata (Japanese amberjack)[Sp]
Trachurus japonicus (Japanese jack mackerel)[Sp]
Sardinops melanostictus (Japanese pilchard)[Sp]
Scomber japonicus (Chub mackerel)[Sp]
Criteria 3
Sterna sumatrana (Black-naped Tern)
Sterna dougallii (Roseate Tern)
Cicindela anchoralis
Helice (Helice) tridens
Upogebia sakaii
<Bivalva, Gastropoda>
Cerithideopsilla djadjariensis
Stenomelania rufescens
Stenothyra japonica
Criteria 7
<Bivalva, Gastropoda>
Stenomelania rufescens
Cerithidea rhizophorarum
Cerithideopsilla cingulata

* This is the species list of which meet the criteria. In that matter, this list does not include all species that inhabit the individual area.
Abbreviation in the information is as follows.
[Br/Ne] : Adjacent water of breeding area or nesting site
[Sp] : spawning area
[Ad] : species not used for analysis but add to the list because inhabit information was collected later
[Ex] : species used for analysis but considered to be possibly extinct in the EBSA region (area)
No mark : data of species distribution


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