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MOE home > Nature and Parks > EBSA home > Coastal Area > 13703 Adjacent waters of Miyajima Island


Coastal Area 13703 Adjacent waters of Miyajima Island

Basic Information A separate window opensReferences

Relevant municipalities Etajima, Otake, Hatsukaichi, Hiroshima Prefecture
Area (km2) 37

Reason(s) for selection A separate window opensCriteria

Selected by MARXAN software.

Characteristics A separate window opensReferences

These are the waters in the vicinity of Miyajima Island. In the coastal wetlands of southern Miyajima live Halobates matsumurai and Orthetrum poecilops miyajimaense (an endemic species). Orthetrum poecilops miyajimaense is a unique endangered dragonfly found in Japan only in three locations on Miyajima Island. While the Japanese subspecies from which it gets its name also is distributed in southern China, it is not found in Taiwan or Okinawa (Ministry of the Environment, 2001).

Environment / Habitat infromation A separate window opensData source

Tidal mud flats (km2) 1.4
Moba (seaweed bed) (km2) 1.4
Coral reef coverage (km2)
Natural coast (km) 57.4
Rate of natural coast (%) 79.3
Sand bank / submerged sand bank
Other habitats

Species information (*) A separate window opensData source

Criteria 1
<Bivalva, Gastropoda>
Cyclina sinensis
Solen strictus
Criteria 2
Egretta sacra (Pacific Reef-egret)[Br/Ne]
Charadrius dubius (Little Ringed Plover)[Br/Ne]
Pandion haliaetus (Osprey)[Br/Ne]
Ammodytes personatus (Japanese sand lance)[Sp]
Engraulis japonicus (Japanese anchovy)[Sp]
Octopus vulgaris (Common octopus)
Criteria 3
Leucopsarion petersii (Ice goby )
Orthetrum poecilops miyajimaense
Cicindela lewisi
Helice (Helice) tridens
Macrophthalmus japonicus
<Bivalva, Gastropoda>
Hima hiradoensis
Littorina brevicula
Bostrychia flagellifera
Criteria 7
Luciogobius guttatus (Flat-headed goby)
Macrophthalmus japonicus
<Bivalva, Gastropoda>
Cerithidea rhizophorarum
<Vascular Plants>
Zostera marina (Eel grass)
Aster tripolium (Sea aster)
Zostera japonica
Triglochin asiaticum

* This is the species list of which meet the criteria. In that matter, this list does not include all species that inhabit the individual area.
Abbreviation in the information is as follows.
[Br/Ne] : Adjacent water of breeding area or nesting site
[Sp] : spawning area
[Ad] : species not used for analysis but add to the list because inhabit information was collected later
[Ex] : species used for analysis but considered to be possibly extinct in the EBSA region (area)
No mark : data of species distribution


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