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Coastal Area 13101 Adjacent waters of Ise and Shima

Basic Information A separate window opensReferences

Relevant municipalities Ise, Kihoku, Kihoku Nyukaichi, Kumano, Shima, Toba, Taiki, Minamiise, Owase, Mie Prefecture
Area (km2) 1462

Reason(s) for selection A separate window opensCriteria

Selected due to high levels for the criteria 1, 3, 4, 5 and 7, and selected by MARXAN software.

Characteristics A separate window opensReferences

These are the waters off the coasts of Ise and Shima, extending to the islands in the southern Irako Channel and to Kumano. This typical ria coastline is home to deep inlets including Ago Bay and Gokasho Bay as well as numerous large and small islands. It is a flourishing cultured-pearl district and abundant turban shell, abalone and others are caught here as well. The vicinity of the Shima Peninsula is a shore zone dominated by complex mixtures of sea grass and seaweed, and the vicinity of Cape Daio is home to expanses of Eisenia arborea, Ecklonia cava, Sargassum giganteifolium (now the southern limit since this species became extinct from Kawaminami, Miyazaki Prefecture in 1995) and others, as well as sea jungles. Tasoura is home to sea jungles in which Sargassum segii (a specialty of the Shima Peninsula) are distributed and Sargassum spathulophyllum (which grows only in Shimoda and Tasoura), while Oshima is home to distributions of Sargassum sagamianum (which grows only on the east coast of the Kii Peninsula; this is thought to be its largest community), Gelidium elegans and others. In Gokasho Bay annual eel grass (smaller than in other habitats), Chorda filum (a rare community formed on the Pacific coast) and others are distributed (Ministry of the Environment, 2001). The vicinity of Ise and Shima also is important as the waters in front of a loggerhead turtle spawning ground, and this entire region also is an important feeding ground for green turtle (Wakabayashi, 1994; Taniguchi and Kamezaki, 2011). Centered on Oshima are the waters of a breeding colony of Japanese murrelet (an IUCN endangered species) (BirdLife International, 2012).

Environment / Habitat infromation A separate window opensData source

Tidal mud flats (km2) 0.8
Moba (seaweed bed) (km2) 76.8
Coral reef coverage (km2) 0
Natural coast (km) 703.9
Rate of natural coast (%) 65.5
Sand bank / submerged sand bank
Other habitats

Species information (*) A separate window opensData source

Criteria 1
Lates japonicus (Japanese lates)
Pseudoblennius percoides (Sunrise)
<Bivalva, Gastropoda>
Cyclina sinensis
Platevindex sp.
Stenomelania rufescens
Solen strictus
Assiminea parasitologica
Corbicula japonica
Criteria 2
Neophocaena phocaenoides (Fineless porpoise)
Apus pacificus (Pacific Swift)[Br/Ne]
Monticola solitarius (Blue Rock-thrush)[Br/Ne]
Larus crassirostris (Black-tailed Gull)
Larus crassirostris (Black-tailed Gull)[Br/Ne]
Calonectris leucomelas (Streaked Shearwater)
Calonectris leucomelas (Streaked Shearwater)[Br/Ne]
Phalacrocorax carbo (Great Cormorant)[Br/Ne]
Synthliboramphus wumizusume (Apanese Murrelet)
Synthliboramphus wumizusume (Apanese Murrelet)[Br/Ne]
Egretta sacra (Pacific Reef-egret)[Br/Ne]
Charadrius dubius (Little Ringed Plover)[Br/Ne]
Pandion haliaetus (Osprey)[Br/Ne]
Caretta caretta (Loggerhead Turtle)
Ammodytes personatus (Japanese sand lance)[Sp]
Parapristipoma trilineatum (Chicken grunt)[Sp]
Takifugu rubripes (Japanese pufferfish)[Sp]
Seriola quinqueradiata (Japanese amberjack)[Sp]
Trachurus japonicus (Japanese jack mackerel)[Sp]
Sardinops melanostictus (Japanese pilchard)[Sp]
Pagrus major (Red seabream)[Sp]
Amphioctopus fangsiao (Ocellated octopus)
Octopus vulgaris (Common octopus)
Loligo bleekeri (Spear squid)
Criteria 3
Synthliboramphus wumizusume (Apanese Murrelet)
Lates japonicus (Japanese lates)
Anguilla japonica (Japanese eel)
Leucopsarion petersii (Ice goby )
Cicindela laetescripta
Helice (Helice) tridens
Deiratonotus cristatus
Ilyoplax pusilla
Hexapus sexpes
Macrophthalmus japonicus
<Bivalva, Gastropoda>
Pitar sulfreum
Batillaria zonalis
Cerithideopsilla djadjariensis
Melampus sincaporensis
Laemodonta siamensis
Cerithium coralium
Platevindex sp.
Stenomelania rufescens
Fragum bannoi
<Other invertebrate>
Chaetopterus cautus
Criteria 4
Calonectris leucomelas (Streaked Shearwater)
Echinomuricea spinifera
Criteria 7
Caretta caretta (Loggerhead Turtle)
Luciogobius pallidus
Luciogobius guttatus (Flat-headed goby)
Hexapus sexpes
Macrophthalmus japonicus
<Bivalva, Gastropoda>
Pitar sulfreum
Batillaria zonalis
Clithon sowerbianus
Circe undatina
Stenomelania rufescens
Neripteron sp. 
Cerithideopsilla cingulata
Truncatella pfeifferi
Corbicula japonica
Moerella rutila
<Vascular Plants>
Aster tripolium (Sea aster)
Carex rugulosa
Triglochin asiaticum
Artemisia fukudo

* This is the species list of which meet the criteria. In that matter, this list does not include all species that inhabit the individual area.
Abbreviation in the information is as follows.
[Br/Ne] : Adjacent water of breeding area or nesting site
[Sp] : spawning area
[Ad] : species not used for analysis but add to the list because inhabit information was collected later
[Ex] : species used for analysis but considered to be possibly extinct in the EBSA region (area)
No mark : data of species distribution


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