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In Focus

Cabinet Decision on the 4th National Biodiversity Strategy of Japan

April 30, 2010

In accordance with the Basic Act on Biodiversity which went into effect in June 2008, “the National Biodiversity Strategy of Japan 2010” was decided by the cabinet on March 16, 2010, after the review by the Central Environment Council.

Introduction

photo
Photo:
Mr. Yoichi Kumagai, the president of the Biodiversity Policy-Wildlife Joint Committee of the Council, submits a report to Mr. Sakihito Ozawa, the Minister of the Environment.

The National Biodiversity Strategy is a national basic plan for the conservation of biodiversity and its sustainable use.

In 1995, the Government of Japan decided, as required by the Convention on Biological Diversity, the first-ever National Biodiversity Strategy, which has been reviewed twice in 2002 and 2007 so far.

Since the Basic Act on Biodiversity enacted in 2008 requires the government to formulate the national biodiversity strategy, the Minister of the Environment asked the president of the Council for the review on the formulation of the national strategy. This has led the deliberation in the Biodiversity Policy-Wildlife Joint Committee of the Council, which submitted a report to the Minister on March 1. Now, "The National Biodiversity Strategy of Japan 2010" was decided by the government, based on this report.

The Points of the National Biodiversity Strategy of Japan 2010

The National Biodiversity Strategy of Japan 2010, taking over the framework and the target period decided in the former strategy, improved its contents with all measures and efforts toward the tenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (so-called “COP10”) which will take place in Aichi-Nagoya in October 2010 in mind. There are three major points to feature it.

1. Targets

In line with the Japan’s proposal to the post-2010 targets which the government submitted to the secretariat of CBD in this January, the National Biodiversity Strategy of Japan 2010 has set both comprehensive and phased targets with the target year defined for the first time.

  • Mid-to-long term targets (to be achieved by 2050)
    To improve the state of biodiversity from the current level
  • Short term targets (to be achieved by 2020)
    To have the following actions by 2020 in order to halt biodiversity loss,
    - To conduct full observations and analyses on the state of biodiversity and to expand activities for biodiversity conservation
    - To establish mechanisms for reducing adverse effects of human activities on biodiversity, and to promote practical methods for sustainable use of biodiversity
    - To mainstream biodiversity by ensuring new steps to be taken by various individuals

2. Promoting international measures in light of the upcoming COP10

As the Japanese COP presidency lasts until COP11 to be held in 2012 after COP10 to take place in Nagoya in this October, the Government of Japan will demonstrate the global leadership to achieve the conservation of biodiversity and its sustainable use on a global scale.

  • Success of CBD COP10
  • Promotion of Satoyama Initiative
  • Strengthening of the Scientific Base
  • Enhancing the Science-Policy Interface
  • Introduction of Economic perspective
  • Assistance to developing nations

3. Enriching and enhancing national measures

Taking the opportunity of COP10, the Government of Japan will integrate the conservation of biodiversity and its sustainable use into a variety of socio-economic activities, and improve or enhance national measures to achieve the society where various entities take actions.

  • Mainstreaming Biodiversity in our daily life
  • Promoting and supporting the measures at local level
  • Enriching the measures to conserve rare wild fauna and flora
  • Promoting the integrated measures of natural symbiosis,
  • Material-recycling, and low carbon society

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