In Focus

"The Third National Biodiversity Strategy of Japan" Decided

December 10, 2007

The Third National Biodiversity Strategy of Japan was decided at the cabinet meeting on November 27, 2007.

What is National Biodiversity Strategy?

National Biodiversity Strategy provides the target and the direction for the measures of the government on the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity in accordance with the Convention on Biological Diversity.

Background

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Mr. Kumagai (right), the chairman of the Joint Committee on Natural Environment and Wildlife, handed the report on the review of National Biodiversity Strategy to the Minister of the Environment Kamoshita.

The Second National Biodiversity Strategy of Japan was decided in March 2002, which was to be reviewed within an approximate five-year period after its decision. Accordingly, the Minister of the Environment requested a report on the review from the Central Environment Council on April 23, 2007. In response to this request, discussions were held by the Joint Committee on Natural Environment and Wildlife as well as by the Subcommittee on National Biodiversity Strategy established under the Council. The Council submitted a report to the Minister on November 14, 2007, after having seven months' deliberations and public involvement processes. The cabinet decided the Third National Biodiversity Strategy of Japan based on the report.

Outline of the Third National Biodiversity Strategy of Japan

The Third National Biodiversity Strategy of Japan consists of two parts; "Strategy" (Part 1) and "Action Plan" (Part 2).

The importance of biological diversity (biodiversity), which supports our livelihood, is described in plain language in the beginning of the Part1 ("Strategy"). Also the description of the adverse effects of global warming on biodiversity was newly added. It also presents a desirable future image of the national land and adjacent sea area, in the context of biodiversity. The "Centennial Plan" is proposed, which aims to recover the nation's ecosystems destroyed in the past hundred years, in coming centennial. The need for the involvement of local governments and the private sector is also emphasized. Based on these viewpoints, the direction of measures which should be addressed in the next five years was organized in the four basic strategies.

Concrete measures are described in a systematic and comprehensive way with the names of responsible Ministries in the Part2 ("Action Plan"). These measures include some numerical targets: improving the awareness of "biodiversity" from 30% to over 50%; increasing the number of designated wetlands under the Ramsar Convention by ten.

Implementing the Third National Biodiversity Strategy of Japan

The Government will make efforts to implement measures described in the strategy, in partnership with local governments, NGOs, business sectors and civil society. Japan is offering to host COP10 of the Convention on Biological Diversity to be held in 2010, and expected to take leadership in the field of the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity in the international arena.

  • Outline of the Third National Biodiversity Strategy [PDF 46KB]
    PDF
  • Four "Basic Strategies" [PDF 70KB]
    PDF
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