Global Environment

Second Meeting of the U.S.-Japan High-level Consultations on Climate Change

April 5, 2002

The World Summit on Sustainable Development will take place later this year in Johannesburg, South Africa. The United States and Japan are approaching this important event with enthusiasm and a shared belief in its potential to achieve lasting success. To this end, both countries will cooperate to achieve sustainable development in the 21st century.

Last year, President Bush and Prime Minister Koizumi recognized that climate change is a pressing global problem requiring a global approach. The President and Prime Minister expressed their shared understanding of the seriousness of the challenge posed by climate change, and agreed to initiate high-level consultations to explore common ground and areas for common action on climate change. Since then, both sides have worked intensively toward this end.

The United States and Japan acknowledge the promise of science and technology, the need to spur technological innovation, the importance of encouraging voluntary initiatives in the private sector, and the importance of market-based incentives in this regard. They share a common belief in the need for the widest-possible global participation in addressing climate change, consistent with the need to ensure continued economic growth.

The United States explained its climate change policy announced on 14 February 2002 and its efforts to meet the national goal announced by President Bush. Japan explained its position regarding the Kyoto Protocol and its efforts to achieve its commitments under the Kyoto Protocol. Both countries exchanged views regarding their respective policies. Both will take enhanced actions to contribute to addressing the long-term problem of climate change consistent with the objective of the Framework Convention.

They will continue to work together in the spirit of cooperation and partnership under the Framework Convention on Climate Change to address the long-term challenge of climate change. In this regard, both countries recognize the importance of these high-level consultations, and agree to their continuation.

Based on the previous discussions at working level consultations, Japan and the United States agreed to promote cooperation on climate change as follows:

1. Market Mechanisms

The United States and Japan agreed to undertake an exchange of views on ideas, such as:

Voluntary actions
Promotion of early actions, including incentive-based programmes, for emission reductions
International issues associated with market mechanisms
Information programmes

2. Science and Technology

The United States and Japan agreed to elaborate and implement the following priority research areas:

Improvement of climate models making use of the "Earth Simulator" and research on earth processes for modeling
Impact and adaptation/mitigation policy assessment employing emission-climate-impact integrated models
Observations and international data exchange/quality control
Research on greenhouse gas (GHG) sinks including land use, land-use change, and forestry(LULUCF)
Research on polar regions
Development of mitigation and prevention technologies such as separation, recovery, sequestration, and utilization of carbon and GHGs
Research and development of renewable and alternative energy technologies, resources, and products, as well as energy efficiency measures and technologies

3. Developing Countries Issues

In order to ensure the effectiveness of actions against global warming, the U.S. and Japan shared the understanding of the crucial importance of the participation of all countries, including developing countries, based on common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities. The U.S. and Japan will continue close cooperation for this purpose.
In order to complement such efforts, the U.S. and Japan will work together to engage developing countries through various international fora, such as G8 and IEA, as well as bilateral consultation with developing countries.
The U.S. and Japan also recognize the importance of continuing assistance to developing countries through human resources development, technology transfer, and financial cooperation in the context of climate change. Both sides agree to continue to exchange information on assistance to developing countries.
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