Preserving the riches of the global environment for future generations

@The Global Environmental Bureau has been promoting policies for global environmental conservation across the government, including climate change issues and ozone layer protection. At the same time, the bureau conducts negotiation/coordination with relevant international organizations as well as foreign governments, in addition to providing international environmental cooperation to developing regions.



¡Global Warming Prevention

œ Causes and Effects of Global Warming
@Global warming is a serious issue that will have a great impact on very foundation of human survival. The Third Assessment Report of the IPCC states that by the year 2100, the globally averaged surface temperature will increase by a maximum 5.8Ž and the sea level will rise by a maximum 88cm. The report also indicates that global warming will adversely affect various fields such as human health, disaster prevention, agriculture, and ecosystems. There is an urgent need to devise countermeasures to prevent global warming.


Greenhouse effect mechanism

 


œ Promotion
@ of Domestic Efforts

@In Kyoto Protocol, Japan committed to the target of reducing the greenhouse gas emissions by 6 percent. To achieve this commitment, Japan is promoting various measures including energy conservation measures. It is also working on efforts to promote utilization and technological development of new energy sources such as photovoltaic power generation, wind power generation and fuel cell.


œ Promotion of Change into
@ a De-Warming Type Lifestyle

@To encourage each and every Japanese to change their individual lifestyles, the Ministry of the Environment is promoting the "Team minus 6%" project, a national movement in which various organizations cooperate and participate, which includes ÒCOOL BIZ," "WARM BIZ" and other campaigns. It is also supporting specific efforts, such as the introduction of products designed to tackle global warming through such activities as creating the "Wa-no-Kurashi" website and producing a booklet entitled " "Wa-no-Kurashi' That couples can begin."

"Team minus 6%"
website : http://www.team-6.jp/
"Wa-no-Kurashi"
website : http://www.wanokurashi.ne.jp/

"Komame-chan"
Official mascot to enhance public awareness
of lifestyles oriented toward preventing
global warming.


œ Ensuring International
@ Partnerships

@The Kyoto Protocol entered into force in February 2005, and in November of the same year, the First Meeting of the Parties (COP/MOP1) to the Kyoto Protocol was held in conjunction with the 11th Session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 11) to the Climate Change Convention in Montreal, Canada. The operational rules of the Kyoto Protocol were formally adopted at this conference, and an agreement was made to start, among other things, the Dialogue on long-term cooperative action to address climate change by enhancing implementation of the Convention. The Government of Japan will promote international negotiations, aiming at the creation of an effective framework which mobilizes maximum reduction efforts by all major emitting countries to take effective mitigation measures in accordance with their own capabilities.


¦As of April 18 2006,
163 countries and the EU have ratified the Kyoto Protocol.
(Source: Prepared by the Ministry of the Environment's Global Environment Bureau based on the data compiled and published by the UNFCC Secretariat)

 


¡Ozone Layer Protection
@Over the last decades, the ozone layer, which serves to protect us from the harmful ultraviolet radiation, has been slowly destroyed by atmospheric emission of ozone depleting substances such as CFCs. To halt this destruction, the government has introduced production and import controls of ozone depleting substances in accordance with the Montreal Protocol and the Ozone Layer Protection Law. Furthermore, based on the Fluorocarbons Recovery and Destruction Law, the Ministry is enforcing the recovery and destruction of CFCs, HCFCs and HFCs ( substitutes of CFCs and HCFCs ) from commercial refrigerators and air conditioners.


1m atm-cm corresponds to an ozone layer thickness of 0.01 mm at stp
(0 Ž and 1 atmospheric pressure)
(from the Japan Meteorological Agency "Annual Report of Ozone Layer Monitoring: 2004")


¡Other Efforts against Global
@ Environmental Issues

œ Measures for Acid Deposition and
@ Dust and Sandstorms (DSS)
@Acid deposition is a phenomenon in which rain and air become acidic by sulfur oxides and nitrogen oxides released to the atmosphere through combustion of fossil fuels. The Ministry is promoting international efforts such as developing the Acid Deposition Monitoring Network in East Asia (EANET). In addition, the Ministry is also putting into place various measures against the long range transmitted DSS issue, which is recently posing a grave concern, such as establishment of a monitoring network.B

œ Marine Environment Conservation
@Marine environment is threatened by various land-based contaminants such as, toxic chemicals and nutrient salts which would cause eutrophication as well as by pollution from off-shore such as oil spills and accidents associated with maritime transport. To protect marine environment against these threats, the Ministry conducts marine environment monitoring, and takes various measures based on laws and international conventions.

 

œ Countermeasures against
@ Deforestation and Desertification

@Deforestation and desertification are still serious problems.
Based on the Statement of Forest Principles which were adopted at Earth Summit in 1992, and United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification, the ministry is promoting international efforts to solve these problems.

œ Antarctic Environment Protection
@Ministry of the Environment is taking measures to protect the environment of Antarctica and to raise public awareness on the activity limitation and environmental protection in Antarctica based on related international conventions and laws.

 


¡International Environmental
@ Cooperation
@Increasing populations, urban concentration, and industrialization of many developing countries have caused the air and water pollution, aggravated sanitation, and destructed their natural environments. Using the experience and expertise Japan has acquired in the process of controlling pollution, it helps various developing countries conserve their environments.

¡Global Environment Research and
@ Monitoring
@To resolve global environmental issues, it is necessary to collect observational data related to the global environment and conduct extensive investigations and research on environmental mechanisms, impact assessment, and the development of technological countermeasures. The Ministry is comprehensively promoting these investigations and research both domestically and internationally in cooperation with various research institutions to this end.


Adelie Penguins (Designated as Antarctic Birds)